A Port and Its Hinterland: An Environmental History of Izmir in the Late-Ottoman Period
AdvisorDarling, Linda T.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis dissertation, based on Ottoman, Turkish, British, French, American, German, and Italian archival and published primary sources, tells the story of transformation of Izmir and its surrounding area in the late Ottoman period through the perspective of environmental history. In this period, roughly in the decades between the 1840s and 1890s, Izmir, thanks to the human and natural resources in its hinterland, grew rapidly in export trade and evolved into a gateway city, linking the fertile Western Anatolian valleys to world markets. By discussing the economic and ecological transformations in the Western Anatolian countryside, this dissertation aims to show that nature was a historical actor and an active factor in the social, economic, and environmental changes in Izmir and its hinterland in the late Ottoman Empire. In other words, by using the lens of environmental history, this dissertation seeks to document and analyze the interplay between the city and countryside and produce a unified history of Izmir and its hinterland in the late Ottoman period.
Degree ProgramGraduate College