AuthorJovel, Krystal Shannon
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractWomen have been identified as possessing higher heart rate variability (HRV) which in turn creates a cardio-protective barrier from Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) related deaths (Abhishekh et al 2013, Furholz et al 2013). It is then menopausal status and not biological age that causes high HRV in women and would explain why CVD is the number one killer for women world-wide (WHO 2013). As women age and experience menopause the cardio-protective ability of estrogen is decreased. Furthermore, by studying estrogen levels of bereaved persons the relationship between HRV and bereavement can be seen as moderated by certain sex hormones. Menopausal status did show to have a strong effect on HRV (p=0.023), but there was no significant difference between men's HRV and those of either pre- or post-menopausal women. However the results for post-menopausal women do trend towards the expected and with more participants may become significant.
Degree ProgramHonors College