Pre-Hispanic Occupance in the Valley of Sonora, Mexico: Archaeological Confirmations of Early Spanish Reports
AuthorDoolittle, William E.
KeywordsIndians of Mexico -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley -- Antiquities.
Indians of Mexico -- Agriculture -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Sonora River Valley (Mexico) -- Antiquities
Mexico -- Antiquities.
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RightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regents
Collection InformationThis title from the Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona collection is made available by the University of Arizona Press and University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions about this title, please contact the UA Press at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/.
PublisherUniversity of Arizona Press (Tucson, AZ)
Table of ContentsPreface / 1. Early Settlements in Northern Mexico / 2. Physical Environs / 3. Settlements / 4. Agriculture / 5. Demography 6. Occupance Interpretations
Series/Report no.Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 48
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Paleoindian Geoarchaeology of the Upper San Pedro Valley, Sonora, MexicoHolliday, Vance T.; Gaines, Edmund Pendleton; Holliday, Vance T. (The University of Arizona., 2006)This thesis reports the findings of a multi-disciplinary investigation focused on exploring the Paleoindian habitation of the upper San Pedro Valley, Sonora, Mexico. Two recently-identified fluted points stand as the first Clovis evidence reported from the project area, and site AZ:EE:16:5 (ASM/INAH) has the potential of containing intact Clovis archaeology. Several lanceolate points of the Plainview variety mark the first late Paleoindian evidence reported from Northern Sonora. Four newly identified lithic sources may inform our understanding of Paleoindian range and mobility in the valley and Greater Southwest region. However, intensive geochronological determinations demonstrate that terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene alluvial deposits are rare or absent throughout most of the basin in Mexico. The findings of the project indicate that well-known Paleoindian-age deposits identified at Clovis sites in the valley in Arizona are restricted to relatively small areas of the upper basin north of the border.
Ground-Water Flow and Interaction with Surface Water in San Bernardino Valley, Cochise County, Arizona and Sonora Mexico.Davis, Laura Agnes; Maddock, Thomas; MacNish (The University of Arizona., 1997)In the center of San Bernardino Valley in southeastern Arizona, San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge provides unique wetlands habitat for endangered fish and wildlife. Confined conditions exist within the refuge, producing springs, artesian wells, and perennial pools along Black Draw, the main surface-water drainage. A numerical flow model was constructed in order to understand the hydrogeologic system of the basin. Annual inflows to the basin include 50,171 acre-feet of mountain-front recharge, 4,360 acft of underflow, and 7,074 ac-ft of river leakage. Annual outflows consist of 57,704 ac-ft of underflow, 3,010 ac-ft of river leakage, 537 ac-ft of evapotranspiration, 346 ac-ft of spring discharge, and 5 ac-ft of stream leakage. Further investigations are needed to refine the annual steady-state model, develop a seasonal (oscillatory) model, and construct transient simulations predicting responses of the hydrologic system to climatic and/or anthropogenic stresses. Extremely large mountain-front recharge and subsurface outflow estimates should be improved by conducting pump tests, geophysical studies, and isotope dating and chemistry analyses of ground water, and by collecting more water levels in Sonora. These studies will also provide information on the role of basalt flows in mountain-front recharge distribution and ground-water flow patterns. The study concludes with a recommended monitoring program for the refuge.
Hydrogeology of the Quitobaquito Springs area, La Abra Plain, and the Rio Sonoyta Valley, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona and Sonora, MexicoSully, Michael; Goodman, Brian Scott, 1958- (The University of Arizona., 1992)A hydrogeological study was performed on the cross-boundary valley between Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona and the Rio Sonoyta Valley, west of Sonoyta, Mexico. The study was carried out to evaluate present hydrologic conditions in the valley and to assess the impact of irrigation ground-water withdrawals in Sonora on water resources in the Monument and in particular the spring system in the Quitobaquito Hills. Through evaluation of available hydrogeologic data, three main aquifers were identified in the north half of the valley. These are the alluvial basin fill and fan system of La Abra Plain, the fractured crystalline rock system of the pediments of the Quitobaquito Hills, and the fluvial aquifer associated with the active channel of the Rio Sonoyta. A detailed evaluation of the location, discharge, and radioisotope composition of the springs in the Quitobaquito Hills was made to characterize the ground-water flow system supplying the springs and to evaluate the possible effects of irrigation withdrawals in Sonora on their discharge. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)