Pre-Hispanic Occupance in the Valley of Sonora, Mexico: Archaeological Confirmations of Early Spanish Reports
AuthorDoolittle, William E.
KeywordsIndians of Mexico -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley -- Antiquities.
Indians of Mexico -- Agriculture -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Sonora River Valley (Mexico) -- Antiquities
Mexico -- Antiquities.
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RightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regents
Collection InformationThis title from the Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona collection is made available by the University of Arizona Press and University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions about this title, please contact the UA Press at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/.
PublisherUniversity of Arizona Press (Tucson, AZ)
Table of ContentsPreface / 1. Early Settlements in Northern Mexico / 2. Physical Environs / 3. Settlements / 4. Agriculture / 5. Demography 6. Occupance Interpretations
Series/Report no.Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 48
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An Archaeological Survey of the Onavas Valley, Sonora, Mexico: A Landscape of Interactions During the Late Prehispanic PeriodFish, Paul R.; Gallaga Murrieta, Emiliano; Fish, Paul R.; Fish, Suzanne; Inomata, Takeshi; Sheridan, Thomas; Schlegel, Alice (The University of Arizona., 2006)Traditionally, the Onavas Valley located in the middle Rio Yaqui, has been identified as part of the Rio Sonora archaeological tradition. However, no archaeological research has taken place in this region to verify this cultural model. This work presents new data from the Onavas Valley Archaeological Project (OVAP), conducted in the summer of 2003 and 2004, which provide basic data to solidify our understanding of an archaeologically poorly researched area, examine its role in interactions with the neighboring archaeological areas, and contrast the Rio Sonora tradition model. The methodology used combine archaeological survey, artifact analysis, and ethnohistorical research. A full-coverage systematic pedestrian survey, at the center of the Onavas Valley, was conducted covering an area of 67 km² and recorded 122 new sites. Three research approaches where set to discern and define the archaeological tradition within the Onavas Valley and then examine extra-regional interactions with neighboring archaeological areas. Those are 1) building a local chronology and a diagnostic inventory of material culture; 2) establishing the landscape structure (settlement pattern and ritual landscape) of the area; and 3) collecting and analyzing evidence for the manufacture, use, and exchange of trade goods. At the end of the material analysis, the OVAP conclude that the Onavas Valley had more cultural relation with the Huatabampo archaeological tradition than to the Rio Sonora archaeological tradition. Finally a comparison of the cultural landscape of the Onavas Valley with those of the Marana, Cerro de Trincheras, and Paquime traditions was made, to see different cultural developments in similar geographical condition using same methodological and analytical framework.
Ground-water flow and interaction with surface water in San Bernardino valley, Cochise county, Arizona and Sonora, MexicoDavis, Laura Agnes; Maddock, Thomas, III; Nish, Robert Mac; Department of Hydrology & Water Resources, The University of Arizona (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1997-01)In the center of San Bernardino Valley in southeastern Arizona, San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge provides unique wetlands habitat for endangered fish and wildlife. Confined conditions exist within the refuge, producing springs, artesian wells, and perennial pools along Black Draw, the main surface-water drainage. A numerical flow model was constructed in order to understand the hydrogeologic system of the basin. Annual inflows to the basin include 50,171 acre-feet of mountain-front recharge, 4,360 acft of underflow, and 7,074 ac-ft of river leakage. Annual outflows consist of 57,704 ac-ft of underflow, 3,010 ac-ft of river leakage, 537 ac-ft of evapotranspiration, 346 ac-ft of spring discharge, and 5 ac-ft of stream leakage. Further investigations are needed to refine the annual steady-state model, develop a seasonal (oscillatory) model, and construct transient simulations predicting responses of the hydrologic system to climatic and/or anthropogenic stresses. Extremely large mountain-front recharge and subsurface outflow estimates should be improved by conducting pump tests, geophysical studies, and isotope dating and chemistry analyses of ground water, and by collecting more water levels in Sonora. These studies will also provide information on the role of basalt flows in mountain-front recharge distribution and ground-water flow patterns. The study concludes with a recommended monitoring program for the refuge.
Paleoindian Geoarchaeology of the Upper San Pedro Valley, Sonora, MexicoHolliday, Vance T.; Gaines, Edmund Pendleton; Holliday, Vance T. (The University of Arizona., 2006)This thesis reports the findings of a multi-disciplinary investigation focused on exploring the Paleoindian habitation of the upper San Pedro Valley, Sonora, Mexico. Two recently-identified fluted points stand as the first Clovis evidence reported from the project area, and site AZ:EE:16:5 (ASM/INAH) has the potential of containing intact Clovis archaeology. Several lanceolate points of the Plainview variety mark the first late Paleoindian evidence reported from Northern Sonora. Four newly identified lithic sources may inform our understanding of Paleoindian range and mobility in the valley and Greater Southwest region. However, intensive geochronological determinations demonstrate that terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene alluvial deposits are rare or absent throughout most of the basin in Mexico. The findings of the project indicate that well-known Paleoindian-age deposits identified at Clovis sites in the valley in Arizona are restricted to relatively small areas of the upper basin north of the border.