Pre-Hispanic Occupance in the Valley of Sonora, Mexico: Archaeological Confirmations of Early Spanish Reports
AuthorDoolittle, William E.
KeywordsIndians of Mexico -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley -- Antiquities.
Indians of Mexico -- Agriculture -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Mexico -- Sonora River Valley.
Sonora River Valley (Mexico) -- Antiquities
Mexico -- Antiquities.
MetadataShow full item record
RightsCopyright © Arizona Board of Regents
Collection InformationThis title from the Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona collection is made available by the University of Arizona Press and University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions about this title, please contact the UA Press at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/.
PublisherUniversity of Arizona Press (Tucson, AZ)
Table of ContentsPreface / 1. Early Settlements in Northern Mexico / 2. Physical Environs / 3. Settlements / 4. Agriculture / 5. Demography 6. Occupance Interpretations
Series/Report no.Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 48
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rio Revuelto: Irrigation and the Politics of Chaos in Sonora's Mayo ValleyMarston, Sallie; Banister, Jeffrey Milton; Marston, Sallie; Wilder, Margaret; Liverman, Diana; Beezley, William; Scott, Christopher; Waterstone, Marvin (The University of Arizona., 2010)The irrigation landscape known today as Distrito de Riego 038 (southern Sonora's Mayo Valley) issues from historical struggles to construct an official order--set forth in maps, plans, and in a kaleidoscopic array of programs--out of a highly differentiated world of signs, symbols, places and peoples. This dissertation tracks and analyzes those struggles, beginning with nineteenth-century military efforts to map and colonize the valley, and ending with recent attempts to "devolve" control over the irrigated landscape to "water users." The lower Rio Mayo basin is the ancestral home of the Yoreme, or Mayos, an indigenous group for whom agricultural development--and colonization more broadly--has brought a loss of autonomy, of control over the Rio Mayo floodplain and its surroundings. Entwined with this process, particularly since the late nineteenth century, was the federalization of the river itself, and, over time, the entire hydrographic basin.In part because of the fluvial nature of water--or, rather, the implications of its unpredictability for the squest to tame it--even quintessentially modern complexes like Distrito 038 develop dependencies on and become deeply reworked in the engagement with a less-than-modern world. The district is, in many respects, quite obviously a space of capitalist-state hegemony. And yet, people have always done what they must to simply get by, to access resources any way they can for livelihood and production. Thus, while programs created to centralize/federalize hydraulic governance may have ensured a functional hegemony at certain critical moments and in particular places, the everyday micro-politics of access and allocation constantly chaffed against this process. Emergent around state-led irrigation, then, have always been counter-territorial projects, struggles to create autonomous spaces of resource access and use, and sites for alternative geographical and political imaginaries.
An Archaeological Survey of the Onavas Valley, Sonora, Mexico: A Landscape of Interactions During the Late Prehispanic PeriodFish, Paul R.; Gallaga Murrieta, Emiliano; Fish, Paul R.; Fish, Suzanne; Inomata, Takeshi; Sheridan, Thomas; Schlegel, Alice (The University of Arizona., 2006)Traditionally, the Onavas Valley located in the middle Rio Yaqui, has been identified as part of the Rio Sonora archaeological tradition. However, no archaeological research has taken place in this region to verify this cultural model. This work presents new data from the Onavas Valley Archaeological Project (OVAP), conducted in the summer of 2003 and 2004, which provide basic data to solidify our understanding of an archaeologically poorly researched area, examine its role in interactions with the neighboring archaeological areas, and contrast the Rio Sonora tradition model. The methodology used combine archaeological survey, artifact analysis, and ethnohistorical research. A full-coverage systematic pedestrian survey, at the center of the Onavas Valley, was conducted covering an area of 67 km² and recorded 122 new sites. Three research approaches where set to discern and define the archaeological tradition within the Onavas Valley and then examine extra-regional interactions with neighboring archaeological areas. Those are 1) building a local chronology and a diagnostic inventory of material culture; 2) establishing the landscape structure (settlement pattern and ritual landscape) of the area; and 3) collecting and analyzing evidence for the manufacture, use, and exchange of trade goods. At the end of the material analysis, the OVAP conclude that the Onavas Valley had more cultural relation with the Huatabampo archaeological tradition than to the Rio Sonora archaeological tradition. Finally a comparison of the cultural landscape of the Onavas Valley with those of the Marana, Cerro de Trincheras, and Paquime traditions was made, to see different cultural developments in similar geographical condition using same methodological and analytical framework.