Exploration of Ray Mapping Methodology in Freeform Optics Design for Non-Imaging Applications
Light emitting diodes
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis dissertation investigates various design metrologies on designing freeform surfaces for LED illumination applications. The major goal of this dissertation is to study designing freeform optical surfaces to redistribute the radiance (which can be simplified as intensity distribution for point source) of LED sources for various applications. Nowadays many applications, such as road lighting systems, automotive headlights, projection displays and medical illuminators, require an accurate control of the intensity distribution. Freeform optical lens is commonly used in illumination system because there are more freedoms in controlling the ray direction. Design methods for systems with rotational and translational symmetry were well discussed in the 1930's. However, designing freeform optical lenses or reflectors required to illuminate targets without such symmetries have been proved to be much more challenging. For the simplest case when the source is an ideal point source, the determination of the freeform surface in a rigorous manner usually leads to the tedious Monge-Ampère second order nonlinear partial different equation, which cannot be solved with standard numerical integration techniques. Instead of solving the differential equation, ray mapping is an easier and more efficient method in controlling one or more freeform surfaces for prescribed irradiance patterns. In this dissertation, we investigate the ray mapping metrologies in different coordinate systems to meet the integrability condition for generating smooth and continuous freeform surfaces. To improve the illumination efficiency and uniformity, we propose a composite ray mapping method for designing the total internal reflective (TIR) freeform lens for non-rotational illumination. Another method called "double pole" ray mapping method is also proposed to improve system performance. The ray mapping designs developed for the point source do not work well for extended sources, we have investigated different design methodologies including optimization method, deconvolution method and feedback modification method to design freeform optical surfaces for extended sources.
Degree ProgramGraduate College