AuthorKintigh, Keith W.
KeywordsZuni Indians -- History.
Zuni Indians -- Antiquities.
Land settlement patterns -- New Mexico -- History.
New Mexico -- Antiquities.
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Collection InformationThis title from the Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona collection is made available by the University of Arizona Press and University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions about this title, please contact the UA Press at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/.
PublisherUniversity of Arizona Press (Tucson, AZ)
DescriptionBeginning about A.D. 1250, the Zuni area of New Mexico witnessed a massive population aggregation in which the inhabitants of hundreds of widely dispersed villages relocated to a small number of large, architectecturally planned pueblos. Over the next century, 27 of these pueblos were constructed, occupied briefly, and then abandoned. Another dramatic settlement shift occurred about A. D. 1400, when the locus of population moved west to the "Cities of Cibola" discovered by Coronado in 1540. Keith Kintigh demonstrates how changing agricultural strategies and developing mechanisms of social integration contributed to these population shifts. In particular, he argues that occupants of the earliest large pueblos relied on runoff agriculture, but that gradually spring-and river-fed irrigation systems were adopted. Resultant strengthening of the mechanisms of social integration allowed the increased occupational stability of the protohistorical Zuni towns.
Table of ContentsPreface / Zuni Prehistory / The Research Area and Sources of Data / Ceramic Chronology / Site Descriptions / Evaluation of Site Dating and Site Size Estimates / Descriptive Summary of Settlement Patterns / Zuni Area Environment and Agricultural Technology / Zuni Settlement Patterns and Social Organization / Appendix. Percentages of Ceramic Types and Wares by Site / References / Index