• Enstatite aggregates with niningerite, heideite, and oldhamite from the Kaidun carbonaceous chondrite: Relatives of aubrites and EH chondrites?

      Kurat, G.; Zinner, E.; Brandstätter, F.; Ivanov, A. V. (The Meteoritical Society, 2004-01-01)
      We studied 2 enstatite aggregates (En >99), with sizes of 0.5 and 1.5 mm, embedded in the carbonaceous matrix of Kaidun. They contain sulfide inclusions up to 650 micrometers in length, which consist mainly of niningerite but contain numerous grains of heideite as well as oldhamite and some secondary phases (complex Fe, Ti, S hydroxides and Ca carbonate). Both niningerite and heideite are enriched in all trace elements relative to the co-existing enstatite except for Be and Sc. The niningerite has the highest Ca content (about 5 wt%) of all niningerites analyzed so far in any meteorite and is the phase richest in trace elements. The REE pattern is fractionated, with the CI-normalized abundance of Lu being higher by 2 orders of magnitude than that of La, and has a strong negative Eu anomaly. Heideite is, on average, poorer in trace elements except for Zr, La, and Li. Its REE pattern is flat at about 0.5 x CI, and it also has a strong negative Eu anomaly. The enstatite is very poor in trace elements. Its Ce content is about 0.01 that of niningerite, but Li, Be, Ti, and Sc have between 0.1 and 1 x CI abundances. The preferential partitioning of typical lithophile elements into sulfides indicates highly O-deficient and S-dominated formation conditions for the aggregates. The minimum temperature of niningerite formation is estimated to be ~850-900 degrees C. The texture and the chemical characteristics of the phases in the aggregates suggest formation by aggregation and subsequent sintering before incorporation into the Kaidun breccia. The trace element data obtained for heideite, the first on record, show that this mineral, in addition to oldhamite and niningerite, is also a significant carrier of trace elements in enstatite meteorites
    • The Kaidun meteorite: Clasts of alkaline-rich fractionated materials

      Ivanov, A. V.; Kononkova, N. N.; Yang, S. V.; Zolensky, M. E. (The Meteoritical Society, 2003-01-01)
      Clasts of alkaline (the second find in meteorites) and subalkaline rocks were found in the Kaidun meteorite. One of them (#d4A) is a large crystal of albite with inclusions of fluorapatite, arfvedsonite, aenigmatite, and wilkinsonite. The two latter minerals were previously unknown in meteorites. Another clast (#d[3-5]D) has a melt crystallization texture of mainly feldspar (oligoclase) composition and contains relict grains of both high-Ca and low-Ca pyroxene and fluorapatite. The mineralogical characteristics of these clasts suggest a genetic relationship and an origin from the same parent body. The textural and mineralogical characteristics of the clasts indicate origin by extensive igneous differentiation. Such processes most likely took place in a rather large differentiated body. The material of clast #d(3-5)D is similar in some mineralogical respects to basaltic shergottites.