• Comments on Interpretation on Climatic Information from Tree Rings, Eastern North America

      Phipps, Richard L.; U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA (Tree-Ring Society, 1982)
      A general discussion regarding problems inherent to developing climatically sensitive tree-ring chronologies from eastern North America is presented. Tree-ring collections from eastern forests are typically not as climatically sensitive as western collections. Collections have been made from a diversity of sites, but it seems that collections from wet sites or sites of extremely shallow soils may have limited potential. The detrimental effect of crown crowding on sensitivity suggests preference be given to shade-tolerant species and to trees with less crowded crowns exposed in the canopy. Nonclimatic trends in tree-ring data are classified as growth trends and competition trends. Standardization of ring widths removes much of the growth trends, and merging individual tree chronologies into a mean collection chronology eliminates much of the competition trends of individual trees. Separation of ring width into earlywood and latewood widths, where possible, may be quite beneficial for non-pored and diffuse-porous species. However, this procedure seems to be of little value for ring-porous species.