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Accelerator Mass Spectrometry with Fully Stripped 36Cl IonsHaberstock, Günther; Heinzl, Johann; Korschinek, Gunther; Morinaga, Haruhiko; Nolte, Eckehart; Ratzinger, Ulrich; Kato, Kazuo; Wolf, Manfred (American Journal of Science, 1986-01-01)A description of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) measurements with the long-lived radioisotope 36Cl is given. All measurements were made at the Munich tandem accelerator laboratory. Results are presented for 36Cl measurements in ground waters, in the meteorite Bjurböle, in ice-core samples of the Vernagtferner, Austria, and in granite samples from Hiroshima, Japan, irradiated by the atomic bomb explosion in 1945.
Large-Volume Liquid Scintillation Counting of Carbon-14Eichinger, Lorenz; Rauert, Werner; Salvamoser, Josef; Wolf, Manfred (American Journal of Science, 1980-01-01)Efforts have been undertaken to further improve the relatively simple technique of low-level liquid scintillation counting of 14C. Two different approaches have been made. By synthesizing more benzene for 14C measurement than usual (with up to 19.5g of carbon) an experimental detection limit of about 0.1 percent modern has been achieved (97.5% confidence level, 1000 min). Absorption of CO2 with up to 5.3g of carbon in 160ml of an absorbent-scintillation solution and counting in a special measuring chamber resulted in an experimental detection limit of about 1 percent modern, with the sample preparation taking only 1 hour. The detection limits achieved by the two techniques correspond to 14C ages of about 55,000 and 35,000 years BP, respectively.