• Production of krypton and xenon isotopes in thick stony and iron targets isotropically irradiated with 1600 MeV protons

      Gilabert, E.; Lavielle, B.; Michel, R.; Leya, I.; Neumann, S.; Herpers, U. (The Meteoritical Society, 2002-01-01)
      Two spherical targets made of gabbro with a radius of 25 cm and of steel with a radius of 10 cm were irradiated isotropically with 1600 MeV protons at the SATURNE synchrotron at Laboratoire National Saturne (LNS)/CEN Saclay, in order to simulate the production of nuclides in meteorites induced by galactic cosmic-ray protons in space. These experiments supply depth-dependent production rate data for a wide range of radioactive and stable isotopes in up to 28 target elements. In this paper, we report results for 78Kr, 80-86Kr isotopes in Rb, Sr, Y and Zr and for 124Xe, 126Xe, 128-132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe isotopes in Ba and La. Krypton and xenon concentrations have been measured at different depths in the spheres by using conventional mass spectrometry. Based on Monte-Carlo techniques, theoretical production rates are calculated by folding depth-dependent spectra of primary and secondary protons and secondary neutrons with the excitation functions of the relevant nuclear reactions. The comparison of the model calculation results with experimental data in the thick target experiments performed at LNS and previously at CERN have allowed adjustments of the poorly known excitation functions of neutron-induced reactions. Thus, for the two experiments at SATURNE, excellent agreement is obtained between experimental and calculated production rates for most Kr and Xe isotopes in all investigated target elements. Only Xe production in Ba in the gabbro is underestimated by the calculations by ~25%. This work validates the approach of the thin-target model calculations of cosmogenic nuclide production rates in the attempt of modeling the interaction of galactic cosmic-ray protons with stony and iron meteorites in space as well as with the lunar samples.