• Development of the LunaH-Map miniature neutron spectrometer

      Vogel, Samuel; Frank, Rebecca; Stoddard, Graham; Christian, James F.; Johnson, Erik B.; Hardgrove, Craig; Starr, Richard; West, Stephen; Univ Arizona, Sch Earth & Space Explorat (SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING, 2017-08-24)
      There is strong evidence that water-ice is relatively abundant within permanently shadowed lunar surface materials, particularly at the poles. Evidence for water-ice has been observed within the impact plume of the LCROSS mission and is supported by data gathered from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) and the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer (LPNS). Albedo neutrons from the Moon are used for detection of hydrogen, where the epi-thermal neutron flux decreases as hydrogen content increases. The origin on the concentration of water within permanently shadowed regions is not completely understood, and the Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper (LunaH-Map) mission is designed to provide a high-resolution spatial distribution of the hydrogen content over the southern pole using a highly elliptical, low perilune orbit. The LunaH-Map spacecraft is a 6U cubesat consisting of the Miniature Neutron Spectrometer (Mini-NS). Mini-NS is not collimated, requiring a low altitude to achieve a higher spatial resolution compared to previous missions. To develop a compact neutron detector for epi-thermal neutrons, the Mini-NS comprises of 2-cm thick slabs of CLYC (Cs2LiYCl6), which provide a sensitivity similar to a 10-atm, 5.7-cm diameter He-3 tubes, as used in LPNS. The Mini-NS digital processing electronics can discriminate by shape and height to determine signal (albedo neutrons) from background (cosmic rays). The Mini-NS achieves a total active sensing area of 200 cm(2) and is covered with a cadmium sheet to shield against thermal neutrons. The research and development on the detector modules show a robust design ready for space flight.
    • Neutron detector development for microsatellites

      Bodnarik, Julia G.; Hamara, Dave; Groza, Michael; Stowe, Ashley C.; Burger, Arnold; Stassun, Keivan G.; Matei, Liviu; Egner, Joanna C.; Harris, Walter M.; Buliga, Vladimir; et al. (SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING, 2017-08-29)
      We present a preliminary design for a novel neutron detection system that is compact, lightweight, and low power consuming, utilizing the CubeSat platform making it suitable for space-based applications. This is made possible using the scintillating crystal lithium indium diselenide ((LiInSe2)-Li-6), the first crystal to include Li-6 in the crystalline structure, and a silicon avalanche photodiode (Si-APD). The schematics of this instrument are presented as well as the response of the instrument to initial testing under alpha, gamma and neutron radiation. A principal aim of this work is to demonstrate the feasibility of such a neutron detection system within a CubeSat platform. The entire end-to-end system presented here is 10 cm x 10 cm x 15 cm, weighs 670 grams and requires 5 V direct current at 3 Watts.