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Acoustic source localization in an anisotropic plate without knowing its material properties: a new approachA number of techniques are available for acoustic source localization in isotropic plates without knowing the material properties of the plate. However, for a highly anisotropic plate acoustic source localization requires some knowledge of the plate material properties or its group velocity profile. In absence of this information one requires a large number of sensors to predict the acoustic source point in the plate. All proposed techniques for acoustic source localization with a few sensors assume the straight line propagation of waves from the source to the receiving sensor with an average group velocity when the plate material properties are not known. However, this assumption is not true for an anisotropic plate. Although the currently available techniques work well for weakly anisotropic plates since the wave path does not deviate significantly from the straight line propagation they fail miserably for highly anisotropic plates. In this paper acoustic source is localized in an anisotropic plate when non-circular wave front is generated. Direction vectors of wave fronts are obtained from the Time-Difference-Of-Arrivals (TDOA) at three sensors placed in a cluster. Four such direction vectors are then utilized in geometric vector analysis to accurately obtain the acoustic source location. The proposed technique is illustrated on an orthotropic plate that generates rhombus shaped wave front. It should be noted that the proposed technique does not require wave propagation along a straight line from the source to the sensor. It also does not need the knowledge of the material properties of the plate.
Crack propagation modeling using Peridynamic theoryCrack propagation and branching are modeled using nonlocal peridynamic theory. One major advantage of this nonlocal theory based analysis tool is the unifying approach towards material behavior modeling- irrespective of whether the crack is formed in the material or not. No separate damage law is needed for crack initiation and propagation. This theory overcomes the weaknesses of existing continuum mechanics based numerical tools (e.g. FEM, XFEM etc.) for identifying fracture modes and does not require any simplifying assumptions. Cracks grow autonomously and not necessarily along a prescribed path. However, in some special situations such as in case of ductile fracture, the damage evolution and failure depend on parameters characterizing the local stress state instead of peridynamic damage modeling technique developed for brittle fracture. For brittle fracture modeling the bond is simply broken when the failure criterion is satisfied. This simulation helps us to design more reliable modeling tool for crack propagation and branching in both brittle and ductile materials. Peridynamic analysis has been found to be very demanding computationally, particularly for real-world structures (e.g. vehicles, aircrafts, etc.). It also requires a very expensive visualization process. The goal of this paper is to bring awareness to researchers the impact of this cutting-edge simulation tool for a better understanding of the cracked material response. A computer code has been developed to implement the peridynamic theory based modeling tool for two-dimensional analysis. A good agreement between our predictions and previously published results is observed. Some interesting new results that have not been reported earlier by others are also obtained and presented in this paper. The final objective of this investigation is to increase the mechanics knowledge of self-similar and self-affine cracks.