• Experimental quantum key distribution at 1.3 gigabit-per-second secret-key rate over a 10 dB loss channel

      Zhang, Zheshen; Chen, Changchen; Zhuang, Quntao; Wong, Franco N C; Shapiro, Jeffrey H; Univ Arizona, Dept Mat Sci & Engn (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2018-04)
      Quantum key distribution (QKD) enables unconditionally secure communication ensured by the laws of physics, opening a promising route to security infrastructure for the coming age of quantum computers. QKD's demonstrated secret-key rates (SKRs), however, fall far short of the gigabit-persecond rates of classical communication, hindering QKD's widespread deployment. QKD's low SKRs are largely due to existing single-photon-based protocols' vulnerability to channel loss. Floodlight QKD(FL-QKD) boosts SKR by transmitting many photons per encoding, while offering security against collective attacks. Here, we report an FL-QKD experiment operating at a 1.3 Gbit s(-1) SKR over a 10 dB loss channel. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first QKD demonstration that achieves a gigabit-per-second-class SKR, representing a critical advance toward high-rate QKD at metropolitan-area distances.