• Nasal foreign bodies identified by rhinoscopy in dogs: 42 cases

      Dias, Maria Joana; Mouro, Sofia; Englar, Ryane E; Leal, Rodolfo O; Univ Arizona, Coll Vet Med (WILEY, 2020-09-28)
      Objective To evaluate signalment, clinical presentation, location and type of nasal foreign bodies identified by rhinoscopy in dogs. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed medical records from dogs that presented for consultation between April 2012 and June 2019 and were diagnosed with nasal foreign body via rhinoscopy. Results Forty-two dogs met the study's inclusion criteria. Thirty (71.4%; 30/42) were purebreds. Males accounted for 59.5% (25/42) of cases. The median age was 4.0 years old and 76.2% (32/42) were dogs up to 7 years of age. Mean bodyweight was 21.8 kg and dogs weighing more than 10 kg were overrepresented (78.6%; 33/42). Sneezing occurred in 78.6% (33/42) of cases. Foreign body retrieval was achieved by rhinoscopy in all cases. The foreign body was extracted from the right nasal cavity in 52.4% (22/42) of cases and from the left one in 42.9% (18/42). Two dogs (4.8%; 2/42) presented with one foreign body in each nasal cavity. Most nasal cavity foreign bodies (90.5%; 38/42) were grass awns. Three (7.2%; 3/42) were mineral and one (1/42) was fabric. Follow-up was documented for 35 patients, of which 97.1% (34/35) experienced resolution of clinical signs. Seven cases (16.7%; 7/42) were lost to follow-up. Clinical Significance Nasal foreign bodies were more common in dogs up to 7 years of age and heavier than 10 kg. Sneezing was the primary clinical sign. The vast majority of foreign bodies were grass awns and rhinoscopy was an effective means of nasal cavity foreign body retrieval.