• A Framework for the Virtual Medical Interview Process: Considerations for the Applicant and the Interviewer

      McCain, C.; Kemp, B.; Baier, M.B.; Zea, A.H.; Sabottke, C.; Schachner, E.R.; Pirtle, C.; McLean, A.; Maupin, R.; Detiege, P.; et al. (Ochsner Clinic, 2022)
      Background: Videoconferencing platforms are being used for the purposes of interviewing in academic medicine because of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. We present considerations applicable to interviewers and interviewees in the virtual space, with a focus on medical school and residency applicants. Methods: We reviewed the literature regarding the virtual interview process for medical school and residency by searching PubMed using the following keywords and terms: “interview,” “academic medicine,” “medical school application,” “residency application,”“virtual interviews,”and “videoconferencing.”Our search identified 701 results, from which we selected 36 articles for review. Results: The garnered information focuses on strategies for optimizing the virtual interview process from the standpoint of both the interviewer and the interviewee. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the virtual interview process and present recommendations. Conclusion: While the future of the interview process for medical school and residency is uncertain, virtual interviewing is a common and growing practice that will continue to be at least part of the medical interview process for years to come. Interviewers and interviewees should prepare to adapt to the evolving changes in the process. © 2022, Ochsner Clinic. All rights reserved.
    • Directed donation: Special considerations and review for contemporary clinical practices

      Wadge, G.; Zhang, J.; Seal, J.; Cooper, E.S.; Alquist, C.R.; Department of Pathology, University of Arizona, Banner – University Medical Center Tucson (Ochsner Clinic, 2021)
      Background: Directed blood donation is defined as the donation of blood or its components for the purpose of transfusion into a specified individual. Directed blood donation holds historic significance, and although practices as of 2021 encourage volun-tary, nonrenumerated blood donations, public interest in directed donation remains. Requests to discuss the risks and benefits of directed donations are a common inquiry for transfusion medicine, transplant, and hematology/oncology professionals. This narrative review discusses the history of directed donation and summarizes directed donation considerations in the context of modern transfusion practices. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed for published literature on the topic of directed blood donation and gathered information about its benefits and potential harms with respect to the variety of products used in transfusion medicine. Results: The drawbacks of directed donation include transfusion-transmitted infection risk, alloimmunization risk, increased transfusion-associated graft vs host disease risk, decreased expediency in treatment, and increased administrative burdens. How-ever, a role remains for directed blood donation in specific patient populations, such as individuals with rare blood types or immunoglobulin A deficiencies, because of the difficulties in finding compatible blood for transfusion. Conclusion: Clinicians should consider the risks and benefits when discussing directed blood donations with patients and family members. © 2021 by the author(s); licensee Ochsner Journal, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA.