• The Miocene Tatatila–Las Minas IOCG skarn deposits (Veracruz) as a result of adakitic magmatism in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt

      Fuentes-Guzmán, Edith; González-Partida, Eduardo; CamprubÍ, Antoni; Hernández-Avilés, Geovanny; Gabites, Janet; Iriondo, Alexander; Ruggieri, Giovanni; López-Martínez, Margarita; Univ Arizona, Dept Geosci (UNIV NACIONAL AUTONOMA MEXICO, INST GEOGRAFIA, 2020-11-28)
      The Cu- and Au-rich Tatatila Las Minas IOCG skarn deposits in Veracniz (central-cast Mexico) are circumscribed to the earliest stages of the 'Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB) and stand for a metallogenic province directly linked to its tectonomagmatic dynamics. This is the first well-documented case for such metallogenic province. These deposits were formed as skarns between rocks of the Mesozoic carbonate series and Miocene intermediate to acid hypabyssal rocks. yew U-Pb zircon and Ar-40/Ar-39 ages provide evidence for four epochs of magmatic activity in the area: (I) early Permian (Artinskian), in association with the Paleozoic basement, (2) late Oligocene to early Miocene suite of pre-TMVB intrusive rocks, (3) middle to late Miocene suite of early TMVB-related intrusive rocks, and (4) Pliocene intrusive and extrusive rocks of the TMVB, possibly associated with the Los Humeros post-caldera stage. The obtained ages range between 24.60 +/- 1.10 and 19.04 +/- 0.69 Ma for stage 2, and between 16.34 +/- 0.20 and 13.92 +/- 0.22 Ma for stage 3. Stage 2 corresponds to a magmatic stage unheard of in the area, until this study. Only stage 3 rocks are associated with the IOCG skarn mineralization, with retrograde stages dated at 12.44 +/- 0.09 (chromian muscovite, phyllic association) and 12.18 +/- 0.21 Ma (zircon, potassic association). Therefore, the ages of stage-3 intrusive rocks are interpreted to date the formation of the prograde skarn associations (mostly similar to 15.4 to <14 Ma) The petrogenetic affinity of stage-2 and stage-3 rocks is about the same the main difference has to do with higher Y and Yb contents in stage-3 rocks (although no affinity with within-plate granites was found), which is suggestive of an interaction of their parental magmas with alkaline magmas that most likely belong to the conterminous and contemporaneous Eastern Mexico Alkaline Province. Petrological indicators (elemental and isotopic) in Cenozoic rocks consistently point to intermediate to acid, metaluminous, I- and S-type rocks that were emplaced in a subduction-related continental arc, within the medium- to high-potassium talc-alkaline series, with high-silica adakitic signatures due associated to deep-sourced magmas that underwent crustal contamination to some degree. The various possible sources for the magmas with adakitic signature in this context can be narrowed down to two of them that are not mutually exclusive: adakitic derived from subducted slab melting and melting-assimilation-storage-homogenization (MASK-derived adakites. Both sources are, in principle, capable of generating magmas that would eventually produce magmatic-hydrothermal mineralizing systems with an associated variety of ore deposit types, including IOCG. Also, both possible sources for adakites are compatible with the renewed steepening of the subducted slab after a period of fiat subduction, for the earliest stage in the evolution of the TMVB.