• The delta-specific opioid glycopeptide bbi-11008: Cns penetration and behavioral analysis in a preclinical model of levodopa-induced dyskinesia

      Bartlett, M.J.; Mabrouk, O.S.; Szabò, L.; Flores, A.J.; Parent, K.L.; Bidlack, J.M.; Heien, M.L.; Kennedy, R.T.; Polt, R.; Sherman, S.J.; et al. (MDPI AG, 2021)
      In previous work we evaluated an opioid glycopeptide with mixed µ/δ-opioid receptor agonism that was a congener of leu-enkephalin, MMP-2200. The glycopeptide analogue showed penetration of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) after systemic administration to rats, as well as profound central effects in models of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and levodopa (L-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia (LID). In the present study, we tested the glycopeptide BBI-11008 with selective δ-opioid receptor agonism, an analogue of deltorphin, a peptide secreted from the skin of frogs (genus Phyllomedusa). We tested BBI-11008 for BBB-penetration after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and evaluated effects in LID rats. BBI-11008 (10 mg/kg) demonstrated good CNS-penetrance as shown by microdialysis and mass spectrometric analysis, with peak concentration levels of 150 pM in the striatum. While BBI-11008 at both 10 and 20 mg/kg produced no effect on levodopa-induced limb, axial and oral (LAO) abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs), it reduced the levodopa-induced locomotor AIMs by 50% after systemic injection. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist MK-801 reduced levodopa-induced LAO AIMs, but worsened PD symptoms in this model. Co-administration of MMP-2200 had been shown prior to block the MK-801-induced pro-Parkinsonian activity. Interestingly, BBI-11008 was not able to block the pro-Parkinsonian effect of MK-801 in the LID model, further indicating that a balance of mu-and delta-opioid agonism is required for this modulation. In summary, this study illustrates another example of meaningful BBB-penetration of a glycopeptide analogue of a peptide to achieve a central behavioral effect, providing additional evidence for the glycosylation technique as a method to harness therapeutic potential of peptides. © 2020 by the authors. Li-censee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.