• Solar-QBO interaction and its impact on stratospheric ozone in a zonally averaged photochemical transport model of the middle atmosphere

      McCormack, J. P.; Siskind, D. E.; Hood, L. L.; Univ Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab (AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION, 2007-08-28)
      We investigate the solar cycle modulation of the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) in stratospheric zonal winds and its impact on stratospheric ozone with an updated version of the zonally averaged CHEM2D middle atmosphere model. We find that the duration of the westerly QBO phase at solar maximum is 3 months shorter than at solar minimum, a more robust result than in an earlier CHEM2D study due to reduced Rayleigh friction drag in the present version of the model. The modeled solar cycle ozone response, determined via multiple linear regression, is compared with observational estimates from the combined Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet (SBUV/2) data set for the period 1979–2003. We find that a model simulation including imposed solar UV variations, the zonal wind QBO, and an imposed 11-year variation in planetary wave 1 amplitude produces a lower stratospheric ozone response of ∼2.5% between 0 and 20°S and an upper stratospheric ozone response of ∼1% between 45 and 55 km, in good agreement with the SBUV-derived ozone response. This simulation also produces an (enhancement/reduction) in the (lower/upper) stratospheric temperature response at low latitudes compared to the effects of solar UV variations alone, which are consistent with model vertical velocity anomalies produced by the solar-modulated QBO and imposed changes in planetary wave forcing.