• ZBP-89 negatively regulates self-renewal of liver cancer stem cells via suppression of Notch1 signaling pathway

      Wang, Nuozhou; Li, Ming-Yue; Liu, Yi; Yu, Jianqing; Ren, Jianwei; Zheng, Zhiyuan; Wang, Shanshan; Yang, Shucai; Yang, Sheng-Li; Liu, Li-Ping; et al. (ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, 2019-12-23)
      Liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) initiate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and contribute to its recurrence and treatment resistance. Studies have suggested ZBP-89 as a candidate tumor suppressor in HCC. We explored the role of ZBP-89 in the regulation of LCSCs. This study was performed in liver tissue samples from 104 HCC patients, 2 cell lines and mouse tumor models. We demonstrated that ZBP-89 was weakly expressed in LCSCs. Patients with high expression of LCSC markers displayed reduced survivals and higher recurrence rates after curative surgical operation. The expression of ZBP-89 was predictive for decreased recurrence. LCSC markers were negatively correlated with ZBP-89 in HCC tissues and in enriched liver tumor spheres. The exogenous expression of ZBP-89 attenuated the tumor-sphere formation and secondary colony formation capabilities of LCSCs in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. Furthermore, the negative effect of ZBP-89 on cancer sternness was Notch1-dependent. Localized with Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD1) in the nucleus, ZBP-89 repressed the Notch1 signaling pathway by competitive binding to NICD1 with MAML1. Collectively, ZBP-89 negatively regulates HCC sternness via inhibiting the Notch1 signaling.