• Genome-Resolved Characterization of Structure and Potential Functions of the Zebrafish Stool Microbiome

      Kayani, M.U.R.; Zaidi, S.S.A.; Feng, R.; Yu, K.; Qiu, Y.; Yu, X.; Chen, L.; Huang, L.; Department of Immunobiology, University of Arizona (Frontiers Media S.A., 2022)
      Zebrafish have been used as a model organism for more than 50 years and are considered an excellent model for studying host-microbiome interactions. However, this largely depends on our understanding of the zebrafish gut microbiome itself. Despite advances in sequencing and data analysis methods, the zebrafish gut microbiome remains highly understudied. This study performed the de novo metagenome assembly and recovery of the metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) through genome binning (and refinement) of the contigs assembled from the zebrafish stool. The results indicate that majority of the MAGs had excellent quality i.e. high completeness (≥90%) and low contamination levels (≤5%). MAGs mainly belong to the taxa that are known to be members of the core zebrafish stool microbiome, including the phylum Proteobacteria, Fusobacteriota, and Actinobacteriota. However, most of the MAGs remained unclassified at the species level and reflected previously unexplored microbial taxa and their potential novelty. These MAGs also contained genes with predicted functions associated with diverse metabolic pathways that included carbohydrate, amino acid, and lipid metabolism pathways. Lastly, we performed a comparative analysis of Paucibacter MAGs and reference genomes that highlighted the presence of novel Paucibacter species and enriched metabolic potential in the recovered MAGs. Copyright © 2022 Kayani, Zaidi, Feng, Yu, Qiu, Yu, Chen and Huang.