• Directional scattering by the hyperbolic-medium antennas and silicon particles

      Babicheva, V.E.; Babicheva, Viktoriia; Univ Arizona, Ctr Opt Sci, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA (Cambridge, 2018-01-30)
      Optical antennas made out of materials with hyperbolic dispersion is an alternative approach to realizing efficient subwavelength scatterers and may overcome limitations imposed by plasmonic and all-dielectric designs. Recently emerged natural hyperbolic material hexagonal boron nitride supports phonon-polariton excitations with low optical losses and high anisotropy. Here we study scattering properties of the hyperbolic-medium (HM) antennas, and in particular, we consider a combination of two types of the particles - HM bars and silicon spheres - arranged in a periodic array. We analyze excitation of electric and magnetic resonances in the particles and effect of their overlap in the array. We theoretically demonstrate that decrease of reflectance from the array can be achieved with appropriate particle dimensions where electric and magnetic resonances of different particle types overlap, and the resonance oscillations are in phase. In this case, generalized Kerker condition is satisfied, and particle dimers in the array efficiently scatter light in the forward direction. The effect can be used in designing metasurfaces based on hexagonal boron nitride scatterers with an application in mid-infrared photonics.