• Family history of Alzheimer's disease alters cognition and is modified by medical and genetic factors

      Talboom, Joshua S; Håberg, Asta; De Both, Matthew D; Naymik, Marcus A; Schrauwen, Isabelle; Lewis, Candace R; Bertinelli, Stacy F; Hammersland, Callie; Fritz, Mason A; Myers, Amanda J; et al. (ELIFE, 2019-06-18)
      In humans, a first-degree family history of dementia (FH) is a well-documented risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, the influence of FH on cognition across the lifespan is poorly understood. To address this issue, we developed an internet-based paired-associates learning (PAL) task and tested 59,571 participants between the ages of 18-85. FH was associated with lower PAL performance in both sexes under 65 years old. Modifiers of this effect of FH on PAL performance included age, sex, education, and diabetes. The Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele was also associated with lower PAL scores in FH positive individuals. Here we show, FH is associated with reduced PAL performance four decades before the typical onset of AD; additionally, several heritable and non-heritable modifiers of this effect were identified.