• Efficacy of dry needling and acupuncture in the treatment of neck pain

      Berger, A.A.; Liu, Y.; Mosel, L.; Champagne, K.A.; Ruoff, M.T.; Cornett, E.M.; Kaye, A.D.; Imani, F.; Shakeri, A.; Varrassi, G.; et al. (Kowsar Medical Institute, 2021)
      Context: Neck pain is a common phenomenon and affects a large segment of the population. Chronic neck pain, lasting more than 3 months, likely occurs in 10% - 30% of patients with acute neck pain and affects up to 288 million cases globally, carrying a significant cost in terms of quality of life, disability, and healthcare dollars. Here we review neck pain background, acupuncture and the evidence that exist to support acupuncture use in chronic neck pain. Results: Neck pain not only affects quality of life directly, but also contributes to depression, job dissatisfaction and reduced productivity. Unfortunately, neck pain is strongly linked to office and computer work and is likely to continue increasing in prevalence. Traditional treatments, such as analgesics, physical therapy, exercise, and non-invasive therapy bring some relief, and invasive therapy is indicated if anatomical pathologies exist. Acupuncture is a form of integrative medicine, originally described and practiced in traditional Chinese medicine andnowexpanded to include methods including acupressure, dry needling, and others. Traditionally, it focused on restoring the patient’s flow of Qi by puncturing specific points along the meridians. It has previously been shown to be effective in other forms of chronic pain and disability. Clinical trials studying acupuncture for neck pain have shown significant reduction in both pain and associated symptoms. These therapies are reviewed in this text. Conclusions: Neck pain is acommonand significant global problem. Acupuncture, dry needling, and cupping were all shown to be effective in alleviating pain both immediately after treatment, as well as provide long-lasting relief. These treatments are generally safe and inexpensive and should be considered as part of a multimodal approach for the treatment of neck pain. More head-to-head studies will provide better data to support a choice of a specific treatment over another. © 2021, Author(s).
    • Utilization of intravenous lidocaine infusion for the treatment of refractory chronic pain

      Tully, J.; Jung, J.W.; Patel, A.; Tukan, A.; Kandula, S.; Doan, A.; Imani, F.; Varrassi, G.; Cornett, E.M.; Kaye, A.D.; et al. (Kowsar Medical Institute, 2020)
      Context: Chronic pain accounts for one of the most common reasons patients seek medical care. The financial burden of chronic pain on health care is seen by direct financial cost and resource utilization. Many risk factors may contribute to chronic pain, but there is no definite risk. Managing chronic pain is a balance between maximally alleviating symptoms by utilizing a therapeutic regimen that is safe for long-term use. Currently, non-opioid analgesics, NSAIDs, and opioids are some of the medical treatment options, but these have numerous adverse effects and may not be the best option for long-term use. However, Lidocaine can achieve both central and peripheral analgesic effects with relatively few side effects, whichmaybe an idealcompoundfor managing chronic pain. Evidence Acquisition: This is a Narrative Review. Results: Infusion of lidocaine (2-(diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide), an amino-amide compound, is emerging as a promising option to fill the therapeutic void for treatment of chronic pain. Numerous studies have outlined dosing protocols for lidocaine infusion for the management of perioperative pain, outlined below. While there are slight variations in these different protocols, they all center around a similar dosing regimen to administer a bolus to reach a rapid steady state, followed by infusion for up to 72 hours to maintain the therapeutic analgesic effects. Conclusions: Lidocaine may be a promising pharmacologic solution with a low side effect profile that provides central and peripheral analgesia. Even though the multifaceted mechanism is not entirely understood yet, lidocainemaybe a promising novel remedy in treating chronic pain in various conditions. © 2020, Author(s).