• Immigration/migration and healthy publics: the threat of food insecurity

      Carney, Megan A.; Krause, Keegan C.; Univ Arizona, Sch Anthropol; Univ Arizona, Ctr Reg Food Studies; Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth; Univ Arizona, Ctr Latin Amer Studies (PALGRAVE MACMILLAN LTD, 2020-05-13)
      Global climate change and the continued neoliberalization of food systems have exacerbated levels of food insecurity and hunger, producing an ever-expanding population of displaced persons who are also nutritionally vulnerable. Restrictive immigration policies in post-arrival and resettlement contexts compound with other cultural, social, political, and economic conditions to negatively affect the food security and health of displaced persons. This article engages a comparative ethnographic perspective for examining the migration-food security nexus. Drawing on ethnographic research with Mexican and Central American im/migrants in the Western United States, Haitian im/migrants in the Dominican Republic, and African im/migrant populations in Italy, this article analyzes local experiences of food insecurity in restrictive immigration policy contexts through an intersectional lens. Finally, this article examines the possibilities for engaged research oriented toward generating "healthy publics" and addressing food insecurity across disparate geographical and political settings and amid structural and social constraints.
    • International Students Seeking Political Stability and Safety in South Africa

      Lee, Jenny J.; Sehoole, Chika; Univ Arizona, Ctr Study Higher Educ (PALGRAVE MACMILLAN LTD, 2020-06)
      Given the increasing rate of South to South migration and South Africa's leading role as a host for internally displaced migrants as well as Africa's international students, this study examined this intersection of international students who selected the country for political stability and safety. The findings revealed that while these students were generally more highly prepared academically, more satisfied with university facilities and staff, and experienced fewer academic hurdles than their international student counterparts, they encountered greater challenges in regard to finances, living support and discrimination. The study calls for clearer acknowledgement in policy and specialized support for refugee and asylum seekers' unique situations and needs.
    • Speaking of trauma: the race talk, the gun violence talk, and the racialization of gun trauma

      Armstrong, Madison; Carlson, Jennifer; Univ Arizona, Sch Sociol, Social Sci Bldg (PALGRAVE MACMILLAN LTD, 2019-10-01)
      This paper considers the intersection of race and gun violence through the lens of trauma. We focus on two high-profile cases of gun violence: the state-deemed justifiable homicide of Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida, on February 26, 2012 and the active shooting that took place at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, on February 14, 2018. These cases illustrate not just how people in the US experience gun violence in racially divergent ways (as existing literature suggests) but also how people-particularly parents-manage the anticipation of gun violence and its trauma. To this end, we develop the concept of "anticipatory trauma" and illustrate it by analyzing a set of social practices that have emerged surrounding gun violence: parents' conversations with their children aimed at explaining and addressing their children's unique risk of gun violence. Building on existing literature on "the Talk" among African American parents, we analyze a racial bifurcation in how parents talk about gun violence. Specifically, we detail "the Race Talk" (in relation to the Trayvon Martin case) and "the Gun Violence Talk" (in relation to the Parkland case), which differentially construct children's vulnerability, the social phenomena that render them vulnerable, and the appropriate solutions for addressing that vulnerability. Without understanding anticipatory trauma as a racialized phenomenon, we risk leveling the gun violence debate-and creating gun policy that is neither politically meaningful nor practically effective for addressing the broad but complex issue of gun violence.