• Ebola's Would-be Refugees: Performing Fear and Navigating Asylum During a Public Health Emergency

      Lawrance, Benjamin N.; Univ Arizona, Dept Hist (Routledge, 2018)
      Chronic and acute illnesses sit uncomfortably with asylum claiming and refugee mobilities. The story of a Sierra Leonean, an athlete who feared Ebola and sought refuge in the UK, provides an opening to examine protec- tion discourses that invoke fear, trauma, and crisis metaphors, to understand how asylum claims are performed, and how related petitions are adjudicated during public health emergencies of international concern. Ebola is revealed as a novel claim strategy, and thus a useful subject matter to investigate the shifting modalities of migrant agency, the unstable fabric of medical huma- nitarianism, and knowledge production in moments of exceptionality.
    • Flood-damaged canals and human response, A.D. 1000–1400, Phoenix, Arizona, USA

      Huckleberry, Gary; Henderson, T. Kathleen; Hanson, Paul R.; University of Arizona; Desert Archaeology, Inc.; University of Nebraska, Lincoln (Routledge, 2018-11)
      The scale of prehistoric canal construction in the North American Southwest peaked in A.D. 450–1450, during what has been named the Hohokam Millennium. Explanations for the eventual Hohokam “collapse” remain elusive. Environmental disturbances, such as floods, that were once manageable may have become unmanageable. Recent archaeological excavations of Hohokam canals in Phoenix identified stratigraphic evidence for three destructive floods that date to A.D. 1000–1400 within two large main canals in System 2, Hagenstad and Woodbury’s North. Woodbury’s North Canal was flood-damaged and abandoned sometime after A.D. 1300. Thereafter, no main canals of similar size were constructed to supply villages within System 2 and the area was depopulated. Our investigation provides the first stratigraphic evidence for a destructive flood during the late Classic period in the lower Salt River Valley and is compatible with the hypothesis of diminished resilience to environmental disturbance at the end of the Hohokam Millennium.
    • “The gatekeepers in prevention”: Community pharmacist perceptions of their role in the opioid epidemic

      Vadiei, N.; Eldridge, L.A.; Meyerson, B.E.; Agley, J. (Routledge, 2021-07)
      Background: Community pharmacists are at the frontline of patient care, yet their role in the opioid epidemic remains unclear. This qualitative study examines the perception of community pharmacists about their role in the opioid epidemic and challenges to fulfilling this role. Methods: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data from an Indiana census of community managing pharmacists was conducted. Qualitative data were coded using a priori and emergent themes. A priori categories included the perceived role of pharmacists in the opioid epidemic and perception of practice barriers. Results: A total of 215 Indiana community managing pharmacists participated in this study. Pharmacists understood themselves as gatekeepers in preventing opioid misuse and overdose. Reported pharmacy practices included providing patient education and communicating with prescribers. Challenges to fulfilling this role included pharmacy structure and operation, lack of patient and provider clarity about pharmacist scope of practice, and pharmacist perception that that there is no available discretionary time to support additional services. Conclusion: Pharmacists believe they have a vital role in combatting opioid misuse and overdose but are hampered by structural aspects of pharmacy practice and lack of recognition of their role. Pharmacy associations and policy partners are encouraged to identify opportunities to address these barriers.
    • The grounds of our freedom

      Sartorio, Carolina; Philosophy Department, Social Sciences, University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-03-30)
      Frankfurt’s ‘Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility’ broke with the tradition of understanding the kind of freedom required for responsibility in terms of alternative possibilities. At the same time, it inspired and motivated a new family of views in its place: views that focus exclusively on actual sequences or the actual causes of behaviour. But, what exactly does that ‘exclusiveness’ claim amount to? At first sight, it may seem natural to interpret it as the claim that the only facts that are relevant to an agent’s freedom are certain facts about actual causes. This would imply that any non-actual (counterfactual) facts are simply irrelevant to the freedom of agents. This paper argues that this interpretation is mistaken, and proposes a better one. It also discusses the related but more general question of the type of project that we are invested in when giving a theory of freedom: Are we interested in the bottom-level grounding facts, or are we interested in some higher-level facts?. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
    • Homesick or Sick-of-Home? Examining the Effects of Self-Disclosure on Students’ Reverse Culture Shock after Studying Abroad: A Mixed-Method Study

      Fanari, Alice; Liu, Rain Wuyu; Foerster, Taylor; Department of Communication, The University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-01-11)
      This mixed-method study investigates the effects of self-disclosure and reverse culture shock among students returning from studying abroad. While previous literature examined the socio-cultural factors of re-entry, this study explores the role of communication in this readaptation process using a sample of 285 international college students returning home from different countries. Quantitative data showed that some of the dimensions of self-disclosure were significant predictors of reverse culture shock and difficulty during the four phases of re-entry. Qualitative findings revealed reasons for self-disclosure, as well as cultural and interpersonal challenges of sharing one’s experience when returning home. Implications and future directions are discussed to facilitate students’ re-entry through communicative practices like self-disclosure. © 2020 World Communication Association.
    • How Americans communicate affection: findings from a representative national sample

      Floyd, Kory; Morman, Mark T; Maré, Jeannette; Holmes, Elizabeth; University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-07-21)
      Humans are highly social beings who need intimate relationships to thrive and survive. Integral to human physical and emotional wellness is the need for affection. A substantial body of evidence has found that expressing and receiving affection with significant others is associated with a multitude of positive health outcomes. The primary goal of the current study was to create a generalizable typology of affectionate behaviors embedded within close relationships and experienced within the daily lives of U.S. American adults from across the country. The study identified 13 discrete forms of daily affectionate communication. Implications for such a typology of daily affection within the United States are discussed. © 2021 Eastern Communication Association.
    • “I Am a Caregiver”: Sense-making and Identity Construction through Online Caregiving Narratives

      Cooper, R. Amanda; Department of Communication, University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-02-13)
      The all-consuming role and responsibilities of providing care to an aging parent or spouse create identity disruption and stress. However, this stress may be resolved as family caregivers integrate the role of caregiver into their identity and construct an aspect of their identity around providing care (i.e., caregiver identity). Rooted in the retrospective heuristic of communicated narrative sense-making theory (CNSM), this paper investigates the identities family caregivers construct through online narratives about their caregiving experiences. Using thematic narrative analysis to analyze a corpus of 40 online narratives, this study yielded four distinct caregiver identities: the prisoner, which is defined by a sense of being trapped by the responsibility of caregiving; the crumbling caregiver, which focuses on extreme exhaustion in providing care; the companionate caregiver, which focuses on the relational aspects of providing care; and the redeemed caregiver, which is defined by growth through difficulty. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
    • Listening to Heartbeat: the pulse of ecofeminism in a picturebook

      Ryman, Cynthia K.; Department of Education (TLS), University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-02-11)
      Using an ecofeminist theoretical frame along with critical content analysis of visual images, this article examines the environmental discourse of the picturebook, Heartbeat, written and illustrated by Evan Turk (2018). In this picturebook, Turk uses the heartbeat, the history, and the song of a whale to draw the reader into a sense of cosmic interconnectivity with nature. This critical content analysis of Heartbeat seeks to extend the research on evaluating environmental children’s literature by taking a deeper look at the specific ways the images and text in Heartbeat provide a unique and much needed counter-narrative to the devaluation and domination of nature. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
    • Patterns of Eating Associated with Sleep Characteristics: A Pilot Study among Individuals of Mexican Descent at the US-Mexico Border

      Ghani, Sadia B.; Delgadillo, Marcos E.; Granados, Karla; Okuagu, Ashley C.; Wills, Chloe C. A.; Alfonso-Miller, Pamela; Buxton, Orfeu M.; Patel, Sanjay R.; Ruiz, John; Parthasarathy, Sairam; et al. (Routledge, 2021-03-31)
      Introduction: Previous studies have linked sleep to risk of diabetes and obesity, at least partially via alterations in food intake. Diabetes and obesity are common among Hispanics/Latinos, and studies are needed to better clarify the role of sleep in health among this group. Utilizing the revised TFEQ-R-18, this study will examine whether eating behaviors such as cognitive restraint, emotional eating and uncontrolled eating are related to self-reported sleep experiences. Specifically, we hypothesized that poor eating habits would be associated with (1) more insomnia symptoms, (2) overall worse sleep quality, (3) increased daytime sleepiness, and (4) shorter sleep duration. Methods: Data were collected from N = 100 adults (age 18–60, 47% female) of Mexican descent in the city of Nogales, AZ (34% not born in the US). Surveys were presented in English or Spanish. Eating Patterns were assessed with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), which resulted in a total score and subscales for “cognitive restraint,” “uncontrolled eating,” and “emotional eating.” Insomnia was assessed with the use of the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Sleepiness with the use of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Sleep quality with the use of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and weekday and weekend sleep duration with the use of the Sleep Timing Questionnaire (STQ). Covariates included age, sex, Body Mass Index (BMI), education and immigrant status. Results: Overall TFEQ score (problematic eating) was positively associated with greater insomnia, poorer sleep quality, more sleepiness, and less weekend (but not weekday) sleep. Mean TFEQ score in the sample was 18.7 (range 0–51). In adjusted analyses, every point on the TFEQ was associated with 0.6 ISI points, 0.8 PSQI points, 0.5 ESS points, and 1.1 minutes of less weekend sleep duration. Regarding subscale scores, relationships were generally seenbetween sleep and emotional eating and unrestricted eating, and not cognitive restraint. Conclusions: Greater insomnia, poorer sleep quality, increased daytime sleepiness and decreased weekend sleep duration were associated with eating patterns at the US-Mexico border, particularly in the area of unrestricted eating and emotional eating. This suggests possible mechanisms linking sleep and obesity in Hispanic/Latinos. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
    • Student mobility choices in transnational education: impact of macro-, meso- and micro-level factors

      Li, Xiaojie; Haupt, John; Lee, Jenny; Center for the Study of Higher Education, University of Arizona (Routledge, 2021-03-22)
      This study investigates the student mobility choices at different stages in transnational education (TNE) and how their choices are shaped by varying level contexts. Combining survey and interview data collected at a US–China TNE programme, the authors found that majority of students did not intend to be mobile during the programme. Rather, they planned to pursue graduate degrees abroad. Further, the majority of students intended to work in China after the completion of their studies. Student mobility choices into, during and after transnational education, were heavily influenced by the macro-level (e.g., labour market, university admission policies) and meso-level (e.g., programme structures) contexts. © 2021 Association for Tertiary Education Management and the LH Martin Institute for Tertiary Education Leadership and Management.