Ding, Jiani; Cai, Zheng; Fan, Xiaohui; P. Stark, Daniel; Bian, Fuyan; Jiang, Linhua; McGreer, Ian D.; Robertson, Brant E.; Siana, Brian (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2017-04-04)
Recent observations have suggested that the C III] lambda 1907/1909 emission lines could be alternative diagnostic lines for galaxies in the reionization epoch. We use the F128N narrowband filter on the Hubble Space Telescope's (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) to search for C III] emission in a sample of five galaxies at z = 5.7 in the Subaru Deep Field and the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field. Using the F128N narrowband imaging, together with the broadband imaging, we do not detect C III] emission for the five galaxies with JAB ranging from 24.10 to 27.00 in our sample. For the brightest galaxy J132416.13+274411.6 in our sample (z = 5.70, J(AB) = 24.10), which has a significantly higher signal to noise, we report a C III] flux of 3.34 +/- 1.81 x 10(-18) erg s(-1)cm(-2), which places a stringent 3 sigma upper limit of 5.43 x 10(-18) erg s(-1)cm(-2) on C III] flux and 6.57 angstrom on the C III] equivalent width. Using the stacked image, we put a 3 sigma upper limit on the mean C III] flux of 2.55 x 10(-18) erg s(-1) cm(-2) and a 3 sigma upper limit on the mean C III] equivalent width of 4.20 angstrom for this sample of galaxies at z = 5.70. Combined with strong C III] detection reported among high-z galaxies in the literature, our observations suggest that the equivalent widths of C III] from galaxies at z > 5.70 exhibit a wide range of distribution. Our strong limits on C III] emission could be used as a guide for future observations in the reionization epoch.
We present the HST WFC3/F275W UV imaging observations of A2218-Flanking, a lensed compact dwarf galaxy at redshift z approximate to 2.5. The stellar mass of A2218-Flanking is log(M-*/M-circle dot) = 9.14(-0.04)(+0.07) and SFR is 12.5(-7.4)(+3.8) M-circle dot yr(-1) after correcting the magnification. This galaxy has a young galaxy age of 127. Myr and a compact galaxy size of r(1/2) = 2.4 kpc. The HST UV imaging observations cover the rest-frame Lyman continuum (LyC) emission (similar to 800 angstrom) from A2218-Flanking. We firmly detect (14s) the LyC emission in A2218-Flanking in the F275W image. Together with the HST F606W images, we find that the absolute escape fraction of LyC is f(abs,esc) > 28%-57% based on the flux density ratio between 1700 and 800 angstrom (f(1700)/f(800)). The morphology of the LyC emission in the F275W images is extended and follows the morphology of the UV continuum morphology in the F606W images, suggesting that the f(800) is not from foreground contaminants. We find that the region with a high star formation rate surface density has a lower f(1700)/f(800) (higher f(800)/f(1700)) ratio than the diffused regions, suggesting that LyC photons are more likely to escape from the region with the intensive star-forming process. We compare the properties of galaxies with and without LyC detections and find that LyC photons are easier to escape in low-mass galaxies.
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