• The Impact of Pharmacy Mobile Application on Student Performance on NAPLEX-Based Questionnaire

      Lee, Jeannie; Vargas, Linzee; Patel, Reema; Lehew, Shelby; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      Objectives: To determine if the use of RxSkills effectively improves student scores on the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX)-based questions among third and fourth-year pharmacy students at the University of Arizona (UA) College of Pharmacy. Methods: This is a pre-post interventional study using a survey of volunteer students from the classes of 2016 and 2017 at the UA College of Pharmacy. An email calling for volunteers was sent using the listserv to students providing information regarding the study. Once the pre-test was completed, instructions for downloading the mobile application were sent to the students. After six weeks of RxSkills use, a link to the post-test was sent to the students for completion. Student scores on the NAPLEX-based questions, use of the application (frequency and duration) and helpfulness, and demographic data were collected. Results: The number of participants in the study from each class was similar with 15 students from the Class of 2016 (52%) and 14 from the Class of 2017 (48%). There was no correlation between how often RxSkills was used and improvement in scores. Overall, student score on the NAPLEX-based questions were significantly improved post-RxSkills use (mean 10.48, SD 2.49) compared to pre-RxSkills use (mean 9.68, SD 2.24) with a p-value of 0.03. Conclusions: The use of RxSkills resulted in an improvement in student scores on the NAPLEX-based questions, indicating its usefulness in studying for the NAPLEX. Students would benefit from using the application when studying for this exam.
    • Self-reported NAPLEX pass rates and educational factors among University of Arizona College of Pharmacy graduates from 2017-2019

      Warholak, Terri; Kay, Jarred; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2020)
      Background: Over the past few years, the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) has seen a decrease in national pass rates. This has become a concern for both pharmacy colleges as well as recent Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) graduates. The purpose of this research project is to identify factors that correlate to NAPLEX pass rates among PharmD graduates at the University of Arizona. Methods: Recent alumni from the University of Arizona's PharmD program were provided with a survey that asked a variety of questions regarding the NAPLEX as well the PharmD curriculum. This data was analyzed to assess for any correlations or trends that may present areas of improvement in the PharmD curriculum. Results: From the self-reported NAPLEX scores obtained, there have been no statistically significant changes in NAPLEX scores over the past 3 years. In recent years, students in the PharmD program at the University of Arizona have felt less prepared to take the NAPLEX. There was no statistically significant correlation between self-reported PCOA scores and NAPLEX. A significant majority of alumni felt that their participation in paid internships helped prepared them for the NAPLEX in ways that the PharmD curriculum did not. Conclusions: Due to the limited accessibility and abundance of alumni feedback, obtaining statistical significance, especially in regards to NAPLEX scores, posed barriers to this study. Several aspects of this study were statistically significant and should be used as reference to address ways to improve NAPLEX scores in future PharmD classes. That said, the statistically insignificant results still present valuable feedback and reflections that can be used to help improve the PharmD curriculum.