• The essential structure of the lived experience with a "good" nurse

      May, Kathleen M.; McPherson, Carla DiAnn; May, Kathleen M. (The University of Arizona., 1997)
      The present era of consumerism in health care provides more emphasis upon the clients' perceptions of their caregivers. This phenomenological study explored the lived experience of receiving care from a good nurse, from the perspective of three individuals who had undergone chemotherapy for cancer. Interviews with the participants produced narrative data on their lived experience. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using Colaizzi's steps of phenomenological research, with Haase's modifications of the analysis to identify theme categories. The final five theme categories were: To Be a 11 Good" Nurse, What a 11 Good" Nurse Is Not, Engaging with the 11Good" Nurse, Encountering the 11 Bad" Nurse, and The Chemotherapy Journey. The essence of the lived experience of receiving care from a good nurse defines a good nurse as a caring individual who fosters a connected relationship with clients. The good nurse places the clients' comfort as a priority while demonstrating clinical expertise.
    • Low income African American mothers' perceptions of communication with white, non-hispanic care providers during perinatal care : an ethnographic study

      Jones, Elaine; Carnegie, Susan Rebecca; Jones, Elaine (The University of Arizona., 2000)
      The infant mortality rate in the African American cultural group is higher than that of other cultural groups. One possible cause of higher infant mortality rate could be decreased use of perinatal services. Several researchers have suggested that communication problems between white, non-Hispanic providers and African American mothers could cause decreased use of these services. The purpose of this study was to describe low income African American mothers' perceptions of communication with their white, non-Hispanic care providers during perinatal care. Ethnographic intervews were conducted with four mothers to understand the emic perspective of African American mothers. Eight domains of meaning and one cultural theme emerged from data analysis. Examples of domains included ways of making sure and ways of talking to me. The cultural theme was "watching over me" while they were pregnant. Recommendations for health care providers and future research are discussed.
    • Spirituality in oncology nurses : a phenomenological study

      Haase, Joan E.; O'Connor, Mary Francine; Reed, Pamela; Moore, Ki (The University of Arizona., 1997)
      This study aims to illuminate the lived experience of spirituality in practicing oncology nurses. Definitions of spirituality, a conceptual framework for understanding spirituality in nursing, and the purpose of the study are offered in Chapter One. Chapter Two reviews the literature on spirituality in nursing and illustrates the lack of research on spirituality from nurses' perspective. Concepts in the literature related to spirituality, including intuition, miracles, and hope are reviewed. Literature on spirituality in related fields is also reviewed. Chapter Three provides a historical perspective on phenomenology and scrutinizes its usefulness in examining spirituality in oncology nurses. It also describes the sample, human subjects, and the procedure used in the study. Trustworthiness, credibility, and data analysis are also addressed. Chapter Four presents the findings of the study in the exhaustive description and essential structure. Finally, Chapter Five presents a review of the conceptual :framework, discussion and conclusions, implications for further research, and clinical implications.