• Site quality indices for the Emory oak woodlands of southeastern Arizona.

      Ffoliott, Peter F.; Callison, James Charles.; Zwolinski, Malcolm J.; Lehman, Gordon S.; Post, Donald F.; Stroehlein, Jack L. (The University of Arizona., 1989)
      Site index curves were constructed for the Emory oak (Ouercus emoryi) woodlands of the San Rafael Valley in southeastern Arizona. The woodlands primarily consisted of trees that were of sprout origin. Growth was rapid for 10 years, moderate from 10 to 20 years, and slow after 20 years. No trees in the study area were more than 40 feet tall. Stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between site index and site factors. Important variables included available soil water holding capacity, percent volume of coarse fragments, radiation index, percent sand, litter depth, and soil pH. Two models were developed; the r² values were 0.56 and 0.49, respectively. Analysis of variance was used to test for differences between site index on different soil types and slope positions. All statistical tests were conducted using a 0.10 level of significance. The sample consisted of 100 trees. Most of the factors were involved with availability of water to the tree roots. Emory oak grows in a dryland area where water is a limiting factor. Therefore, the effect that soil and terrain has on the availability of water to tree roots is an important impact on the site index for Emory oak woodlands.