• Sublingual Immunotherapy

      Sheppard, Kate G.; Ferrell, Melissa Leann; Sheppard, Kate G.; Sheppard, Kate G.; Piotrowski, Kathleen; Pacheco, Christy L. (The University of Arizona., 2015)
      One of the most common reasons people seek primary care and emergency care is to reduce the symptoms of allergies, such as hay fever. To meet this high demand, several recent FDA-approved methods for treating seasonal and perennial allergies have been developed, including sublingual immunotherapy tablets. Furthermore, no longer must a patient endure allergy shots; this can now be delivered sublingually. Although this method has been shown to have high safety and efficacy, very few clinicians actually utilize this form of therapy. The purpose of this paper is describe the use of sublingual immunotherapy among Nurse Practitioners (NPs) and discuss barriers that may prevent its use. Nurse Practitioners working in primary care settings were surveyed regarding their use of sublingual immunotherapy. Although many nurse practitioners treat patients with allergic disease, not one participant reported using sublingual immunotherapy. This discussion outlines some of the reasons NPs are not currently utilizing this method of allergy treatment and the findings are compared with the extant literature. This paper culminates in an evidence-based algorithm to outline best practices for utilizing sublingual immunotherapy to reduce allergy symptoms.