Recovery of Yttrium and Neodymium from Copper Pregnant Leach Solutions by Solvent Extraction
AdvisorHiskey, J. Brent
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe solvent extraction of yttrium and neodymium from copper pregnant leach solutions (PLS) using Primene JM-T, a primary aliphatic amine, has been studied. Effect of contact time, pH, sulfate concentration, and extractant concentration were investigated using synthetic and actual PLS systems. Standard experimental conditions were 5 minute contact time, pH ~2.5, 10% v/v Primene JM-T concentration, and 1:1 O:A phase ratio. Distribution isotherms were constructed for the pure systems and for actual copper leach solutions. Synthetic solutions contained 100 ppm Y and ~75 ppm Nd. Copper PLS contained 2.1 ppm Nd and 14.9 ppm Y. Results showed that complete extraction of both yttrium and neodymium occurred within five minutes and at pH values greater than 1. It was also found that sulfate concentration does not inhibit extraction at any concentration. Additionally, the distribution isotherms created show that extraction for these metals can operationally take place in one stage from both synthetic solutions and copper leach solutions.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Mining Geological & Geophysical Engineering