• Proposing Molecularly Targeted Therapies Using an Annotated Drug Database Querying Algorithm in Cutaneous Melanoma

      Schneider, Phillip; Cropp, Cheryl; Aaron Pavlik; Schneider, Phillip; Cropp, Cheryl; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2015)
      Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a computational process capable of hypothesizing potential chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of skin cutaneous melanoma given an annotated chemotherapy molecular target database and patient-specific genetic tumor profiles. Methods: Aberrational profiles for a total of 246 melanoma patients indexed by the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) for whom complete somatic mutational, mRNA expression, and protein expression data was available were queried against an annotated targeted therapy database using Visual Basic for Applications and Python in conjunction with Microsoft Excel. Identities of positively and negatively associated therapy-profile matches were collected and ranked. Results: Subjects included in the analysis were predominantly Caucasian (93%), non-Hispanic (95.9%), female (59%), and characterized as having stage III clinical disease (37.4%). The most frequently occurring positive and negative therapy associations were determined to be 17-AAG (tanespimycin; 42.3%) and sorafenib (41.9%), respectively. Mean total therapy hypotheses per patient did not differ significantly with regard to either positive or negative associations (p=0.1951 and 0.4739 by one-way ANOVA, respectively) when stratified by clinical melanoma stage. Conclusions: The developed process does not appear to offer discernably different therapy hypotheses amongst clinical stages of cutaneous melanoma based upon genetic data alone. The therapy-matching algorithm may be useful in quickly retrieving potential therapy hypotheses based upon the genetic characteristics of one or many subjects specified by the user.