• Evaluation of Adherence to Treatment Standards and Clinical Outcomes Associated with Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism in Hospitalized Patients at University Medical Center in Arizona

      Katz, Michael; Baggs, Jennifer; Chang, Grace; Li, Jinwen; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2009)
      OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patients at University Medical Center (UMC) in Arizona who have indications for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis receive treatment, determine whether appropriate pharmacologic VTE prophylaxis is implemented, and analyze the incidence of VTE associated with prescribed regimens. METHODS: Data were derived from a retrospective chart review on risk factors for VTE and prescription of pharmacological and non-pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. Two risk assessment models were used to evaluate adherence to treatment standards: the 2008 American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) evidence-based consensus guidelines and the Caprini score. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with regard to proper thromboprophylaxis including assessment of appropriate time, type, intensity, and duration of treatment. RESULTS: A total of 366 patients met inclusion critera. Based on the Caprini score, 94% of patients were judged to be at risk for VTE. Of those at risk, 90% received thromboprophylaxis; however, only 35% of treated patients received proper thromboprophylaxis. Ten patients (2.7%) experienced a VTE during their hospital stay or within the following 6 months after discharge. There was not a significant difference in incidence of VTE with respect to treatment versus no treatment or proper versus improper prophylaxis (p=0.15 and 0.65, respectively); however, a favorable trend in incidence of VTE was observed for treated patients and patients treated with correct thromboprophylaxis based on risk assessment. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients at UMC who were indicated for VTE prophylaxis received treatment; however, the type, intensity, and duration of thromboprophylaxis were often inappropriate despite the existence of various guidelines.