• The Effect of an Immunization Training Program on the Willingness of Pharmacy Students to Receive, Administer, Recommend, and Counsel About Vaccinations: A retrospective, pre-post study

      Spencer, Jenene; Fazel, Maryam; Ivanov, Marina; Rodriguez, Jessica; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      Objectives: To determine whether pharmacy students were more willing to receive, administer, recommend and counsel patients about vaccinations after completing an immunization training program Methods: Anonymous and voluntary questionnaires administered on paper during a regularly scheduled class collected ratings of confidence on the willingness of first year pharmacy students to receive, administer, recommend and counsel about vaccinations prior to and after the completion of an immunization training program. Data on gender, age range, status of completion and source of the immunization training program completed was also collected. This study was approved by the University of Arizona Institutional Review Board (IRB). Results: Questionnaires were completed by 110 students at the Tucson and Phoenix campus. Students were equally willing (p=0.235) to receive all vaccinations, even if they were not required to by the UA COP, before and after the immunization training program.There was a statistically significant difference in the willingness to administer (p<0.001), to recommend (p=0.024) and to counsel (p<0.001) about vaccinations after completion of an immunization training program. Conclusions: Completing an immunization training program did not have influence on the willingness of pharmacy students to receive vaccinations. However, the results suggest pharmacy students are more willing to administer, recommend and counsel about vaccinations after the completion of an immunization training program.
    • Patient Perception of Nurse Administered Review of Basic Diabetes Self-management Skills During Hospitalization

      Honkonen, Marcella; Fazel, Maryam; Pendergrass, Merri; Idouraine, Lynda; Honkonen, Marcella; Fazel, Maryam; Pendergrass, Merri; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2016)
      Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess patients’ perception of the review of basic diabetes self-management skills as administered by nursing staff during hospitalization in our academic medical center to determine if the program should be continued, modified and/or expanded. Methods: This descriptive study included patients 18 years and older with a diagnosis of diabetes admitted for any reason to Banner – University Medical Center Tucson (BUMC-T) - between October- December 2015. A phone interview was conducted within 7 days of the patient’s recorded discharge date to assess each patient’s perception of the review they received during their inpatient stay. The questionnaire collected ratings about helpfulness of the medication instructions, understanding of diabetes, and confidence in hypoglycemia management. Data on the likelihood for an outpatient follow-up appointment were collected too. Results: Of the 96 patients included in this study, 44% (n=42) received the basic diabetes self-management skills review, among them 48% (n=20) reported that the review was very helpful, 43% (n=18) reported being very comfortable with understanding diabetes, and 48% (n=20) reported being very confident with hypoglycemia management. Out of 50% of patients referred for outpatient follow-up for diabetes management, only 38% made an appointment. Conclusions: Most patients that received the basic diabetes self-management skills review feel comfortable with diabetes management and its understanding. Review of basic diabetes self-management skills appeared to be helpful when initiated in a hospital setting; however, measures need to be taken to provide the review to all eligible patients and it needs to be supported by effective planning for outpatient follow-up.