• Job Satisfaction Among Staff, Clinical, and Integrated Hospital Pharmacists

      Armstrong, Edward; Hillman, Tara; Kerschen, Ann; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      Objectives: To determine whether staff, clinical, or integrated hospital pharmacists have greater job satisfaction and to determine if sex, age, number of years worked as a pharmacist, or academic degree result in changes in job satisfaction. Methods: A prospective quasi-experimental study was performed by distributing job satisfaction questionnaires to pharmacists working in inpatient locations at two hospitals. The surveys contained a pre-addressed, pre-postage paid envelope for the respondents to mail the completed questionnaires to the investigators. Results: Questionnaires were completed by 38 subjects (mean age = 38.36). Fourteen pharmacists who spent 0 to 40 percent of their time in clinical activities were categorized as staff pharmacists, 10 who spent 41 to 60 percent of their time in clinical activities were integrated, and 14 who spent greater than 61 percent of their time in clinical activities were clinical pharmacists. Overall each category of pharmacists reported mean satisfaction scores above 2.5, indicating that all are satisfied in their jobs. However, differences were seen in the amount of satisfaction. When it came to work environment and professional interaction, integrated pharmacists were more satisfied than staff pharmacists (p=0.026 and p=0.000, respectively). When it came to professional interaction and personal outlook, clinical pharmacists were more satisfied than staff pharmacist (p=0.001 for both). Conclusions: Job satisfaction is directly related to the number of clinical activities performed. Integrated and clinical pharmacists are both more satisfied than staff pharmacists.