• Does Delivery of Medications Increase Adherence in an Elderly Population?

      Saldamando, Daniel; Pate, Amber; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2005)
      Objectives: To determine if delivery of medications to an independent living facility increases patient adherence. Methods: Retrospective review of patient pharmacy refill records was completed using a data extraction form in order to calculate a number of days deviation from a projected refill date based on days supply. Data on the use of express pay, auto fill, and delivery service and payment type was collected as well as age and gender. Residents of The Fountains independent living facility were eligible to be included in this study if they had complete data in the pharmacy refill records for at least one scheduled maintenance medication taken for a continuous, three-month period. Results: There were 21 subjects in the delivery group and 18 in the pick-up group. Both groups were primarily women (76.2 percent and 61.1 percent respectively). Age was also similar (85.8 and 83.8, p=0.285). The delivery group had significantly more maintenance medications than the pick-up group (mean=2.8, SD=1.1 and mean=1.7, SD=1.1 respectively). Seven of the nine time deviations were greater for the pick-up group than for the delivery group (p= 0.09 for sign test). Implications: It appears that a delivery service can increase adherence, particularly in a population of advanced age.