• Curriculum Map of the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

      Cooley, Janet; Tran, Thuyvi; Nguyen, Quang; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      Objectives: To describe the content of the currently enacted curriculum and confirm that the University of Arizona doctor of pharmacy degree program meets all required elements defined by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) appendix 1. Methods: A curriculum map that lists courses taken by each class years and the 2016 ACPE appendix 1 elements was developed. Course syllabi were then evaluated for class sessions that fit within specific ACPE required elements. Each 50 minutes class session was classified as a lecture unit (lu) and the total number of lu were recorded on the map. Furthermore, the redundancy of categorized sciences (biochemical, pharmaceutical, social/administrative/behavioral sciences) were evaluated with the map. Lastly, diabetes contents taught within each course and corresponding assessment tools were collected to gauge opportunities for progression of knowledge. This was done by confirming that different factors of the disease were taught within different courses. Results: Each required ACPE element was covered by at least one lu within the curriculum. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year covered 67.5%, 54.1%, and 40.5% of ACPE required elements, respectively. The subject of diabetes was covered with 24 lu, 4 lu, and 14 lu within the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years, respectively. Progression of knowledge in diabetes was seen in the course materials. Conclusions: The enacted curriculum covers all ACPE required contents. The 1st year of the program teaches the largest percentage of required elements. All categorized sciences were reemphasized and the opportunity for progression of knowledge was shown.
    • Medication Adherence Education in U.S. Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy

      Lee, Jeannie; Nguyen, Danielle; Lee, Jeannie; College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona (The University of Arizona., 2014)
      Specific Aims: Medication adherence is the extent to which patients take their medications correctly and consistently as prescribed.1 The objective of this study was to assess Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)- preaccredited and accredited schools and colleges of pharmacy for adherence course content in their curricula. Methods: The survey link was sent via email to the Department of Pharmacy Practice Chair, or equivalent, at each institution. The data collected via the online survey included information regarding the details of medication adherence curriculum present at the program. All data remained confidential. Chi-square statistical test was used for analysis to compare hours of adherence education taught in older (in existence ≥ 20 years) versus newer (< 20 years) programs. Main Results: Twenty-eight programs responded among 130 inquiries (22% response rate). Of the respondents, only two colleges of pharmacy offered a course on medication adherence, one as an elective and one as required. Common adherence principles were incorporated into other pharmacy courses with the most common topics being counseling, patient education and communication skills. Older programs taught more hours (> 20 hours) focused on adherence compared to the newer programs, but they did not differ significantly (p = 0.39). Conclusion: Despite the low response rate, the findings show a lack of curricular focus on medication adherence, particularly as an individual course. Further studies are needed to identify adherence training received by student pharmacists, and to evaluate the impact of adherence-focused curriculum components on provision of patient care centered on medication adherence by pharmacy practitioners.