• HPV Vaccination Acceptability Among Immigrant and Ethnic Minorities in the United States: Systematic Review

      Zahedi, Bita; The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix; Johnson‐Agbakwu, Crista (The University of Arizona., 2017-05-22)
      To systematically review all studies examining HPV vaccination acceptability among immigrant and ethnic minority parents and eligible individuals for cervical cancer prevention in the Unites states. MEDLINE/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, EMBASE, and Cochrane database searches were conducted searching for English language, US‐based studies to examine immigrant and ethnic minority population’s acceptability of HPV vaccination. Thirteen of more than 3,098 potentially relevant articles were included in the final analysis. Results. Latinos were statistically more likely to accept vaccination for both their daughters and sons. Foreign‐born adult Latinas were more accepting of the vaccine than U.S.‐born Latinas after controlling for other variables. Overall African American and Asian American parents were less likely to accept HPV vaccination for their daughters than Hispanic and White parents. Of the African American parents who intended to vaccinate their children the majority were significantly non‐Baptist and had higher levels of education. The majority of Haitian immigrants intended to vaccinate daughters and the rest agreed that they would most likely have their daughters vaccinated if their daughters’ physicians recommended it. More research is needed, particularly in the context of health care provider HPV vaccination recommendation to immigrant and ethnic‐minority populations. Acceptance figures so far suggest that the vaccine is generally well received among Hispanic/Latin and Haitian immigrants, but details of ethnic variations among these groups and a qualitative understanding of lower rates of acceptability among African American and Asian American communities are still being awaited. Despite advances in cervical cancer screening rates in the US, cervical cancer remains disproportionately high among low‐income immigrant and minority women, making this subgroup particularly vulnerable to disparities in screening and its detection. The purpose of this study is to examine the qualitative aspects of institutional and community level interventions of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) within the immigrant and refugee populations and the use of HPV vaccination as a prevention method. Combinations of the following keywords/phrases will be used: CIN‐ Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia, Cervical diseases, Cervical dysplasia, Refugees, Pap smear, Cervical Cancer Screening, HPV‐ Human Papillomavirus, HPV vaccination, Ethnic minorities, Immigrants. Independent reviews of each article will be conducted to assess the study quality and confirm the accuracy, completeness, and consistency of the abstracted data.