• Healthcare Worker Perceptions and Practices Regarding Influenza Vaccination

      Klassen, Aaron; The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix; Berisha, Vjollca (The University of Arizona., 2016-03-25)
      Background: Rates of influenza vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs) are low despite the significant morbidity and mortality benefit to the HCWs, their patients and their families. Objective: To examine whether attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of HCWs about influenza and influenza vaccination affect their uptake of the seasonal influenza vaccine. Methods: Telephone interviews were conducted of HCWs during March 2011 to assess seasonal influenza vaccine uptake, attitudes regarding influenza vaccination, and perceptions of risk of influenza infection. Results: Telephone surveys were completed by 1,171 HCWs and of these 903 responded to all questions relevant to this analysis. Logistic regression models of rates for current, 2010-2011,i influenza vaccination season and preceding influenza vaccination seasons were performed. statistically significant (P<0.05) positive odds ratios for vaccination were found among providers, HCWs with more experience, those who favor mandatory workplace vaccination, believing that the vaccine protects family members, believing the average person is somewhat r very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year, not believing that the influenza vaccine will cause illness, and claiming a higher likelihood of vaccination if the vaccine were less costly or free. Of these, the strongest modifiable predictors of seasonal influenza vaccination uptake were a belief that the vaccine provides protection to the HCWs’ family members and a belief that the average person is somewhat or very likely to be infected with influenza in a given year. Conclusion Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination. Conclusion: Beliefs about influenza vaccination have significant effects on HCW seasonal influenza vaccine uptake. We recommend targeting these beliefs when designing educational programs for HCW regarding influenza vaccination.