AffiliationKirtland Air Force Base
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RightsCopyright © International Foundation for Telemetering
Collection InformationProceedings from the International Telemetering Conference are made available by the International Foundation for Telemetering and the University of Arizona Libraries. Visit http://www.telemetry.org/index.php/contact-us if you have questions about items in this collection.
AbstractThere is an increasing desire in many organizations, including NASA and the DoD, to use constellations or fleets of autonomous spacecraft working together to accomplish complex mission objectives. At the Air Force Research Laboratory’s (AFRL) Space Vehicles Directorate we are investigating and developing architectures for commanding and controlling a cluster of cooperating satellites. For many space missions, large monolithic satellites are required to meet mission requirements. In many cases this results in costly satellites which are more complex, more susceptible to failure, and which have performance characteristics that are less than optimal due to realistic physical size limitations. Recently various organizations have begun to explore how distributed clusters of cooperating satellites can replace their larger monolithic counterparts resulting in an overall cost reduction, enhanced mission performance, and increased system fault tolerance. Large clusters of satellites flying in formation are required to have some level of on-board autonomy in order to: fly within specified tolerance levels; perform collision avoidance; address fault detection, isolation, and resolution (FDIR); share knowledge; and plan and schedule activities. In addition, from an operations standpoint, commanding and controlling a large cluster of satellites can be very burdensome for ground operators. At AFRL we are addressing these issues by development of an on-board Cluster Management system which will, in essence, provide the capability to treat a cluster of satellites as a single virtual satellite. A systems level approach is being taken, therefore from a ground perspective the ground control station must also be able to treat the cluster as a virtual satellite.  This paper will describe our Cluster Management system, which is the intelligent entity that is responsible for making cluster level decisions and which enables the satellite cluster to function as a virtual satellite. The cluster manager functionality can be broken down into the following five areas: • Command and control • Cluster data management • Formation flying • Fault management • On-board Planning This paper will contain a detailed description of the Cluster Manager architecture along with its various modules.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering
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STOPPING LAUNCH PAD DELAYS, LAUNCH FAILURES, SATELLITE INFANT MORTALITIES AND ON ORBIT SATELLITE FAILURES USING TELEMETRY PROGNOSTIC TECHNOLOGYLosik, Len (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2007-10)Telemetry Prognostics is Failure Prediction using telemetry for launch vehicle and satellite space flight equipment to stop launch failures, launch pad delays, satellite infant mortalities and satellite on orbit failures. This technology characterizes telemetry behaviors that are latent, transient, and go undetected by the most experienced engineering personnel and software diagnostic tools during integration and test, launch operations and on orbit activities stopping launch pad delays, launch failures, infant mortalities and on orbit failures. Telemetry prognostics yield a technology with state-of-the-art innovative techniques for determining critical on-board equipment remaining useful life taking into account system states, attitude reorientations, equipment usage patterns, failure modes and piece part failure characteristics to increase the reliability, usability, serviceability, availability and safety of our nation’s space systems.