AffiliationUniversity of Alabama
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AbstractThis paper describes the relative, bandwidth requirements of the common digital baseband signaling techniques used for data transmission. Bandwidth considerations include the percentage of total power in a properly encoded PN sequence passed at bandwidths of 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 times the reciprocal of the bit interval, T(b). The signals considered in this study are limited to the binary class, i.e., each decision at the receiver yields one bit of information, in contrast to signaling schemes which encode groups of bits into a given signal amplitude, phase shift, etc. The study compares such signaling techniques as delay modulation (DM), bipolar (BP), biternary (BT), duobinary (DB), pair selected ternary (PST), and time polarity control (TPC) in addition to the conventional NRZ, RZ and BIΦ schemes. It is shown that several of the signals can be transmitted over channels which block frequencies below 10% of the bit rate and still lose less than 5% of the total signal power. Based upon the dual consideration of a large number of regularily-spaced level transitions to assure synchronization plus a minimum of bandwidth and no dc response, it is concluded that DM and PST are the best choices.
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