FREQUENCY CALIBRATION FOR THE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OF QUARTZ CRYSTAL MEASUREMENT USING GPS
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AbstractQuartz crystal is an important electronic element in the field of communication systems, computer systems, etc. It is important to precisely measure the frequency of quartz crystal unit for manufacturing. The Pi-network transmission system recommended by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is generally acknowledged as a measurement technique. However it needs a precise frequency source. The frequency source must be calibrated within a regular period in the process of manufacturing. Frequency counters, time internal counters, phase comparisons, which are the most common frequency calibrations, are introduced in the paper. Nowadays GPS has also become the primary system for frequency calibration. GPS receivers provide 1 PPS (Pulse Per Second) with accuracy < 100 nanoseconds to UTC under normal conditions. Motorola UT Oncore timing GPS with time accuracy < 50ns (1 sigma) uses time RAIM algorithm to ensure the validity and reliability of measurements. The comparison between the precise 1PPS and local reference is implemented. And the phase differences are logged and read by computer. According to the values, the frequency output of DDS is coordinated. In order to reduce the phase ambiguity, local reference is divided before comparison. The calibration can be implemented at any time by GPS. Block diagrams of calibration are presented in this paper.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering