DESIGNING AN ANTENNA/PEDESTAL FOR TRACKING LEO AND MEO IMAGING SATELLITES
AuthorTurner, W. C.
AffiliationElectro-Magnetic Processes, Inc.
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AbstractThis paper takes one through the processes followed by a designer when responding to a specification for an earth terminal. The orbital parameters of Low-Earth Orbiting and Medium-Earth Orbiting (LEO and MEO) satellites that affect autotracking and pointing of an antenna are presented. The do’s and don’ts of specifying (or over specifying) the antenna feed and pedestal size are discussed. The axis velocity and acceleration rates required of a Y over X and El over AZ type pedestal are developed as a function of satellite altitude, radio frequency of operation, and ground antenna terminal diameter. Decision criteria are presented leading to requiring a tilt mechanism or a third axis to cover direct and near overhead passes using an El over Az pedestal. Finally, the expressions transforming Y over X configuration position angles to azimuth and elevation axis position angles are presented.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering