HIGH PERFORMANCE SATELLITE RANGING TECHNIQUE UTILIZING A FLEXIBLE RANGING SIGNAL WAVEFORM
KeywordsRanging signal bandwidth occupancy
Ranging signal acquisition time
Ranging accuracy and precision
Mutual interference with other uplink/downlink signals
Digital Signal Processing
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AbstractRange to an orbiting satellite from a ground reference point (ground station) can be determined by measuring the round trip time for a waveform transmitted to the satellite and returned to the ground station (Turnaround Ranging) and more recently by using the Global Positioning System (GPS). This paper first summarizes and compares the two approaches. The paper then describes and analyzes a new turn-around ranging system which uses a flexible ranging waveform that provides spectral compatibility with existing Military, NASA, and Commercial satellite uplink/downlink signals.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering
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TWO-DIMENSIONAL SIGNAL PROCESSING IN RADON SPACE (OPTICAL SIGNAL, IMAGE PROCESSING, FOURIER TRANSFORMS).Barrett, Harrison H.; EASTON, ROGER LEE, JR. (The University of Arizona., 1986)This dissertation considers a method for processing two-dimensional (2-D) signals (e.g. imagery) by transformation to a coordinate space where the 2-D operation separates into orthogonal 1-D operations. After processing, the 2-D output is reconstructed by a second coordinate transformation. This approach is based on the Radon transform, which maps a two-dimensional Cartesian representation of a signal into a series of one-dimensional signals by line-integral projection. The mathematical principles of this transformation are well-known as the basis for medical computed tomography. This approach can process signals more rapidly than conventional digital processing and more flexibly and precisely than optical techniques. A new formulation of the Radon transform is introduced that employs a new transformation--the central-slice transform--to symmetrize the operations between the Cartesian and Radon representations of the signal and to aid in analyzing operations that may be susceptible to solution in this manner. It is well-known that 2-D Fourier transforms and convolutions can be performed by 1-D operations after Radon transformation, as proven by the central-slice and filter theorems. Demonstrations of these operations via Radon transforms are described. An optical system has been constructed to derive the line-integral projections of 2-D transmissive or reflective input data. Fourier transforms of the projections are derived by a surface-acoustic-wave chirp Fourier transformer, and filtering is performed in a surface-acoustic-wave convolver. Reconstruction of the processed 2-D signal is performed optically. The system can process 2-D imagery at approximately 5 frames/second, though rates to 30 frames/second are achievable if a faster image rotator is added. Other signal processing operations in Radon space are demonstrated, including Labeyrie stellar speckle interferometry, the Hartley transform, and the joint coordinate-frequency representations such as the Wigner distribution function. Other operations worthy of further study include derivation of the 2-D cepstrum, and several spectrum estimation algorithms.
DSP BASED SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT FOR REAL TIME PROCESSING OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTIC SIGNALS OF SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLEST.N., Santhosh Kumar; A.K., Abdul Samad; K.M., Sarojini; Indian Space Research Organisation (International Foundation for Telemetering, 1995-11)Measurement of vibration and acoustic signals at various locations in the launch vehicle is important to establish the vibration and acoustic environment encountered by the launch vehicle during flight. The vibration and acoustic signals are wideband and require very large telemetry bandwidth if directly transmitted to ground. The DSP based Signal Processing Unit is designed to measure and analyse acoustic and vibration signals onboard the launch vehicle and transmit the computed spectrum to ground through centralised baseband telemetry system. The analysis techniques employed are power spectral density (PSD) computations using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and 1/3rd octave analysis using digital Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters. The programmability of all analysis parameters is achieved using EEPROM. This paper discusses the details of measurement and analysis techniques, design philosophy, tools used and implementation schemes. The paper also presents the performance results of flight models.