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dc.contributor.authorIgarashi, Tetsuya
dc.contributor.authorKomaki, Gen
dc.contributor.authorLane, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMoriguchi, Yoshiya
dc.contributor.authorNishimura, Hiroki
dc.contributor.authorArakawa, Hiromi
dc.contributor.authorGondo, Motoharu
dc.contributor.authorTerasawa, Yuri
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Corbet
dc.contributor.authorMaeda, Motonari
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-20T08:57:46Z
dc.date.available2016-05-20T08:57:46Z
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationIgarashi et al. BioPsychoSocial Medicine 2011, 5:2 http://www.bpsmedicine.com/content/5/1/2en
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1751-0759-5-2en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/610065
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND:The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) was developed to assess five levels of emotional awareness: bodily sensations, action tendencies, single emotions, blends of emotion, and combinations of blends. It is a paper and pencil performance questionnaire that presents 20 emotion-evoking scenes. We developed a Japanese version of the LEAS (LEAS-J), and its reliability and validity were examined.METHODS:The LEAS-J level was independently assessed by two researchers who scored each response according to the LEAS scoring manual. High inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were obtained for the LEAS-J. Measures were socioeconomic status, LEAS-J, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). TAS-20, IRI and NEO-FFI were the measures used to explore the construct validity of LEAS-J, as it was predicted that higher scores on the LEAS-J would be related to fewer alexithymic features, greater empathetic ability, and a greater sense of cooperation with others. Questionnaires were completed by 344 university students.RESULTS:The criterion-referenced validity was determined: a significant negative relationship was found with the externally-oriented thinking scores of TAS-20, and positive relationships were found with fantasy, perspective taking, and empathic concern on IRI and with extraversion, openness to experience, and agreeableness on NEO-FFI.CONCLUSIONS:Consistent with our expectations, the findings provide evidence that the LEAS-J has good reliability and validity. In addition, women had significantly higher scores than men on LEAS-J, showing that the gender difference identified in the original LEAS was cross-culturally consistent.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.bpsmedicine.com/content/5/1/2en
dc.rights© 2011 Igarashi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0).en
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
dc.titleThe reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS-J)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1751-0759en
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychosomatic Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawa-higashi Kodaira-City, Tokyo, 187-8553, Japanen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Arizona, 1501 N. Campbell Ave., Tucson, AZ 85724-5002, USAen
dc.contributor.departmentCentre for Advanced Research on Logic and Sensibility, Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japanen
dc.contributor.departmentLanguage Education and Research Center, Kyushu Sangyo University, 2-3-1 Matsukadai, Higashi Ku, Fukuoka 813-8503, Japanen
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Art and Design, Joshibi University of Art and Design, 1900 Asamizodai, Sagamihara-City, Kanagawa 228-8538, Japanen
dc.identifier.journalBioPsychoSocial Medicineen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the UA Faculty Publications collection. For more information this item or other items in the UA Campus Repository, contact the University of Arizona Libraries at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-13T07:48:20Z
html.description.abstractBACKGROUND:The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) was developed to assess five levels of emotional awareness: bodily sensations, action tendencies, single emotions, blends of emotion, and combinations of blends. It is a paper and pencil performance questionnaire that presents 20 emotion-evoking scenes. We developed a Japanese version of the LEAS (LEAS-J), and its reliability and validity were examined.METHODS:The LEAS-J level was independently assessed by two researchers who scored each response according to the LEAS scoring manual. High inter-rater reliability and internal consistency were obtained for the LEAS-J. Measures were socioeconomic status, LEAS-J, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). TAS-20, IRI and NEO-FFI were the measures used to explore the construct validity of LEAS-J, as it was predicted that higher scores on the LEAS-J would be related to fewer alexithymic features, greater empathetic ability, and a greater sense of cooperation with others. Questionnaires were completed by 344 university students.RESULTS:The criterion-referenced validity was determined: a significant negative relationship was found with the externally-oriented thinking scores of TAS-20, and positive relationships were found with fantasy, perspective taking, and empathic concern on IRI and with extraversion, openness to experience, and agreeableness on NEO-FFI.CONCLUSIONS:Consistent with our expectations, the findings provide evidence that the LEAS-J has good reliability and validity. In addition, women had significantly higher scores than men on LEAS-J, showing that the gender difference identified in the original LEAS was cross-culturally consistent.


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© 2011 Igarashi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2011 Igarashi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0).