Nuclear Factor kappa B is central to Marek's Disease herpesvirus induced neoplastic transformation of CD30 expressing lymphocytes in-vivo
AffiliationDepartment of Pathobiology and Population Medicine, Mississippi State University, PO Box 6100, MS, Mississippi State, 39762, USA
Institut für Virologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
School of Life Sciences and Bioengineering, Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology, PO Box 447, Arusha, Tanzania
Department of Bioengineering, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA
Department of Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA
Comparative Medicine and Integrative Biology Graduate Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 210036, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA
USDA-ARS, Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory, 4279 East Mount Hope Road, East Lansing, MI, 48823, USA
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CitationKumar et al. BMC Systems Biology 2012, 6:123 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1752-0509/6/123
JournalBMC Systems Biology
Rights© 2012 Kumar et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0).
Collection InformationThis item is part of the UA Faculty Publications collection. For more information this item or other items in the UA Campus Repository, contact the University of Arizona Libraries at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractBACKGROUND:Marek's Disease (MD) is a hyperproliferative, lymphomatous, neoplastic disease of chickens caused by the oncogenic Gallid herpesvirus type 2 (GaHV-2
MDV). Like several human lymphomas the neoplastic MD lymphoma cells overexpress the CD30 antigen (CD30hi) and are in minority, while the non-neoplastic cells (CD30lo) form the majority of population. MD is a unique natural in-vivo model of human CD30hi lymphomas with both natural CD30hi lymphomagenesis and spontaneous regression. The exact mechanism of neoplastic transformation from CD30lo expressing phenotype to CD30hi expressing neoplastic phenotype is unknown. Here, using microarray, proteomics and Systems Biology modeling
we compare the global gene expression of CD30lo and CD30hi cells to identify key pathways of neoplastic transformation. We propose and test a specific mechanism of neoplastic transformation, and genetic resistance, involving the MDV oncogene Meq, host gene products of the Nuclear Factor Kappa B (NF-kappaB) family and CD30
we also identify a novel Meq protein interactome.RESULTS:Our results show that a) CD30lo lymphocytes are pre-neoplastic precursors and not merely reactive lymphocytes
b) multiple transformation mechanisms exist and are potentially controlled by Meq
c) Meq can drive a feed-forward cycle that induces CD30 transcription, increases CD30 signaling which activates NF-kappaB, and, in turn, increases Meq transcription
d) Meq transcriptional repression or activation of the CD30 promoter generally correlates with polymorphisms in the CD30 promoter distinguishing MD-lymphoma resistant and susceptible chicken genotypes e) MDV oncoprotein Meq interacts with proteins involved in physiological processes central to lymphomagenesis.CONCLUSIONS:In the context of the MD lymphoma microenvironment (and potentially in other CD30hi lymphomas as well), our results show that the neoplastic transformation is a continuum and the non-neoplastic cells are actually pre-neoplastic precursor cells and not merely immune bystanders. We also show that NF-kappaB is a central player in MDV induced neoplastic transformation of CD30-expressing lymphocytes in vivo. Our results provide insights into molecular mechanisms of neoplastic transformation in MD specifically and also herpesvirus induced lymphoma in general.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2012 Kumar et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0).