CCSDS Data Link Service Allocation for MIL-STD-1553B Bus Architecture on Small Payloads
AffiliationNew Mexico State University
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AbstractThere has been much interest recently in the possibility of using the NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) instead of proprietary ground stations in supporting small space payload communications. These payloads operate on fairly low power and do not use the sophisticated tracking equipment standard on more complex user spacecraft. This paper is part of a feasibility study for such use of TDRSS, and focuses on the effect of the method of providing the Grade-2 data link layer services specified in Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) Advanced Orbiting Systems (AOS) recommendations upon a hypothetical spacecraft using a MIL-STD-1553B polled data bus as the backbone of its onboard LAN. In particular, one case in which the 1553B bus controller, assumed to be some Intel 80X86 microprocessor, provides all CCSDS services will be contrasted with another where these services are split between the bus controller and a device which interfaces between the spacecraft LAN and the TDRSS Return Service spacelink. The comparison will be made for a 15 orbit/day scenario using a small helical antenna with a comparatively wide beamwidth. The main performance criteria considered here are end-to-end data throughput and expected delays, along with required buffer sizes for the LAN. Also, it may be noted that the data rate of the TDRSS return link and the size of the sliding window used for flow and error control will have a large impact on the required values for the chosen criteria, and so choices for these parameters significantly affect the outcome of any system service comparison. The two LAN types will be modeled and analyzed using NETWORK II.5. This simulator allows tracking of the number of packets read into LAN memories and sent down from the payload to ground via TDRSS, as well as accurately modeling the delays involved with data processing and transmission over the link.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering