A Fast Realtime Simulation of a Complex Mechanical System on a Parallel Hardware Architecture
AffiliationInstitute for Flight Research
MetadataShow full item record
RightsCopyright © International Foundation for Telemetering
Collection InformationProceedings from the International Telemetering Conference are made available by the International Foundation for Telemetering and the University of Arizona Libraries. Visit http://www.telemetry.org/index.php/contact-us if you have questions about items in this collection.
AbstractReal-time computation speed is an additional requirement for simulations. It is necessary for 'man-in-the-loop' systems like flight simulators and for 'hardware-in-the-loop' systems where real components like new closed loop controllers are tested under realistic conditions. In the past a lot of companies have designed and built special purpose simulation computers which are very powerful but expensive and not handy enough for 'in-the-field-tests'. The progress in computer science shows a trend to distributed systems where multiple processors are running in parallel to improve the performance dramatically. At the DLR Institute for Flight Mechanics a computer system, based on the transputer, was designed to achieve the real-time simulation capabilities for the ROTEST model rotor. This four-bladed rotor is a 2.5 scale of the BO105 main rotor, equipped with elastic blades, operating at 1050 rpm. After an introduction to the ROTEST rotor, including the demands upon the simulation, a short introduction to transputers and the associated philosophy is given. The next part of the paper presents the characteristics of the simulation model, its mathematical description and the transputer architecture on which it is running. In the last part of the paper the input and output processes to the simulation are described. This includes a real-time representation of the rotor and an oscilloscope like output device, as well as analogue input and output devices to a controller.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering