Barriers to Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in the Pediatric Population within a Military Treatment Facility
AuthorGminski, Elizabeth April
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractType 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) was once a disease process found only in the adult population. However, incidence rates of T2DM in children and adolescents are increasing at alarming rates and becoming a grave public health concern. As many as 5,089 individuals under the age of 20 are newly diagnosed with T2DM each year. The military community is not immune to these national trends and T2DM among military dependents is growing at similar rates to that of the civilian population. The primary aim of this DNP project was to investigate if barriers exist with regard to pediatric military dependents, ages 10-17 years, receiving appropriate diagnosis, and treatment of T2DM. Previously published literature has identified health disparities exist within the Military Health System (MHS), despite beneficiaries having equal access to care. This project also sought to assess providers' use of Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) in the treatment of pediatric patients' ages 10-17 with T2DM, as it has been indicated that use of evidence based guidelines for management of T2DM vary among military treatment facilities. Results of the DNP Project reflected information found in previous evidence based literature. Fifty percent of providers felt there is "probably" a health disparity among Type 2 Diabetic youth who seek care at a Military Treatment Facility (MTF). Diverse responses were received regarding applicable health disparity indicators among MHS beneficiaries, indicating these disparities may be multifactorial. Routine incorporation of EBP and CPGs into clinical practice also appeared to vary among participants. It is evident that further research may positively contribute to current understanding of health disparities among MHS beneficiaries.
Degree ProgramGraduate College