Preventing Progression of End Stage Renal Disease: A Systematic Review of Patient-Provider Communication in Primary Care
AdvisorBrewer, Barbara B.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBackground: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects approximately 26 million individuals in the United States and is a top priority in the objectives for Healthy People 2020. Despite efforts to improve awareness, discussion of CKD is often minimal or ineffective in the primary care setting. This leads to a lack of patient awareness and knowledge of self-care skills to prevent or slow progression of the disease. A lack of communication of has been attributed to the provider's lack of confidence and knowledge to discuss CKD and to avoid unnecessary stress. Purpose: The purpose of the DNP project is to provide a systematic review of patient-provider communication processes used to influence self-management or behavioral change in primary care and propose a tool to enhance communication and slow progression of CKD. Methods: A systematic review was conducted following the method guidelines of the Cochrane Collaboration. Six electronic databases were searched. Inclusion criteria were adult humans, primary research studies, systematic and literature reviews, focus on communication of self-management or behavioral change strategies, primary outcomes of improving self-management and/or patient outcomes and availability of full-text online or by request. Outcomes: Of the 5765 articles initially identified, 28 studies met inclusion criteria. The studies revealed a lack of evidence directed towards CKD and communication was not directly addressed in a majority of the studies. Interventions most successful in improving patient outcomes were individualized, elicited collaboration or interaction with the patient and provider, were motivational or encouraging and aided in barrier identification and problem solving. A communication tool was developed from the evidence in order to stimulate more meaningful conversation between the patient and provider.
Degree ProgramGraduate College