Improving the Rate of Diabetes Preventative Care Practices in a Nurse Practitioner Owned Family Clinic: A Quality Improvement Project
AuthorWilson, Kendra Marie
Type 2 Diabetes
Clinical Decision Support
AdvisorMcEwen, Marylyn Morris
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBackground: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex health condition that impacts multiple organ systems and contributes to both acute and chronic health problems. In the United States (U.S.), T2DM is a growing health concern with increasing prevalence among both adult and pediatric populations (American Diabetes Association [ADA], 2015; Dea, 2011). Developing a comprehensive plan of care that incorporates a multifaceted treatment and prevention plan is necessary to address this growing health concern and reduce overall morbidity and mortality. Problem: The Edmund Primary Care (EPC) practice data for routine annual diabetic foot exams, annual eye exams, annual urine microalbumin, smoking cessation education and recommendations for pneumococcal polysaccharide do not meet the ADA (American Diabetes Association, 2015) recommendations for patients with T2DM.Design: Quality improvement (QI) project applying the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle to develop a process change to improve diabetic preventative care measures for hemoglobin A1C, urine microalbumin, diabetic foot exams, and optometry referrals. Setting: A small, nurse practitioner owned, family practice clinic targeting patients 18 years and older with a diagnosis of T2DM.Intervention: A fishbone diagram to conduct a root cause analysis led to identification of key factors contributing to the problem. A comprehensive process change integrating a Diabetic Assessment Flow Sheet (DAFS) and diabetic foot exam sheet was developed to address the problem. Expected Outcome: Increase in rates of completion to at least 90% over eight weeks. Results: Analyzed with run charts demonstrating an increase in rates of completion to 100% for A1C, urine microalbumin, diabetic foot exams, and optometry referrals. A positive percent of change for each measure is as follows: A1C 7%; urine microalbumin 43%; diabetic foot exams 150%; and referrals to optometrist 43%. Significance: This QI project emphasizes the importance of implementing a system to evaluate the quality of care being delivered. It also highlights the usefulness of the PDSA cycle as a method to implementing quality improvement measures in health care. Lastly, this QI project demonstrated the effectiveness of flow sheets in improving the quality of care delivered to patients with T2DM.
Degree ProgramGraduate College